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Bitcoin ATM

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cryptocurrency ATM in Peoria, Illinois. This model is a "two-way", meaning users may buy or sell Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.
Cryptocurrency ATM in Peoria, Illinois. This model is a "two-way", meaning users may buy or sell Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.

A Bitcoin ATM (Automated Teller Machine) is a kiosk that allows a person to purchase Bitcoin by using cash or debit card. Some Bitcoin ATMs offer bi-directional functionality enabling both the purchase of Bitcoin as well as the sale of Bitcoin for cash. In some cases, Bitcoin ATM providers require users to have an existing account to transact on the machine.

There are two main types of Bitcoin machines: unidirectional (one-way) and bidirectional (two-way). Only about 30% of all crypto ATMs worldwide are bidirectional,[1] and less than 23% in the U.S.[2] Both types are connected to the Internet, allowing for cash purchase and/or sale of Bitcoin. Some machines use a paper receipt and others move money to a public key on the blockchain. Bitcoin cash kiosks look like traditional ATMs, but do not connect to a bank account and instead connect the user directly to a Bitcoin wallet or exchange. While some Bitcoin ATMs are traditional ATMs with revamped software, they do not require a bank account or debit card. According to an advisory issued by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, "they may also charge high transaction fees – media reports describe transaction fees as high as 7% and exchange rates $50 over rates you could get elsewhere".[3]

History

On October 29, 2013, a Robocoin machine opened in the Waves coffee shop in downtown Vancouver, Canada.[4][5] This machine is understood to be the world's first publicly available Bitcoin ATM. Robocoin ceased operations in 2015.[6] The first machine in the United States went online on February 18, 2014, in a cigar bar in Albuquerque, New Mexico.[7] It was removed 30 days later.[8] On December 8, 2013, Europe's first Bitcoin ATM was installed in Bratislava, Slovakia.[9]

Canada

Canada approved regulation of cryptocurrencies in 2014, and was the first country to do so,[10] although it took some time to enforce.[11][12] In February, 2014, the Canadian Finance Minister mentioned plans to introduce anti-money laundering and anti-terrorist financing regulations for virtual currencies such as Bitcoin.[13] In June of that year, the Governor General of Canada approved an amendment to Bill C-31 that would treat cryptocurrency businesses as MSBs,[14] and The Canadian Department of Finance circulated a draft of the proposed regulations in June 2018, but the law was not in Regulations or in effect as of January 2019.[15] However, as of July, 2020, businesses dealing in virtual currencies are now considered Money Services Businesses (MSBs) by FINTRAC, the Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada.[16]

In 2018, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) commissioned an investigation on Bitcoin ATMs to find out if tax laws were being followed by users.[17] It was found that in a two-month period, from December, 2017, to February, 2018, the number of Bitcoin ATMs in Canada had increased by 20%.[18] In June 2019, Vancouver, BC—the very city where the world's first Bitcoin ATM had been installed six years earlier[19][20]—was considering a ban on the machines due to money-laundering concerns, according to The Star.[21]

United States

According to Coin ATM Radar, there were more than 2,342 Bitcoin ATMs in the United States as of January, 2018, with some small shop owners earning a reported $300 a month for rental space. By August, 2020, the number of crypto ATMs had more than tripled, to over 9,000.[22] Transactions fees for ATM use are approximately 16 percent, while online transaction fees run about 7.5 percent.[23] Part of the bitcoin ATMs operating in the US is imported from all over the world, for example from Prague. Czech company General Bytes has placed its machines in Las Vegas among other American cities.[24]

Compliance

Bitcoin ATM operators need to adjust the limits on deposits and withdrawals according to AML/KYC standards applicable in the jurisdiction where their ATMs are placed.[citation needed] In some countries / states this requires a money transmitter license.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Crypto ATM Support for Buy and Sell". coinatmradar.com. Retrieved 2020-08-10.
  2. ^ "Crypto ATM Support for Buy and Sell in United States". coinatmradar.com. Retrieved 2020-08-10.
  3. ^ "Risks to consumers posed by virtual currencies" (PDF). Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. August 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  4. ^ Wagner, Kurt. "World's First Bitcoin ATM Opens In Vancouver, Canada". Mashable. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  5. ^ McMillan, Robert (2013-10-28). "World's First Bitcoin ATM Arrives at Coffee Shop, Goes Live Tomorrow". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  6. ^ "Robocoin Kiosk cryptocurrency ATM machine producer". coinatmradar.com. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  7. ^ Brodkin, Jon. "Bitcoin ATM goes live in Albuquerque, more coming to Austin and Seattle". Ars Technica. Ars Technica. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  8. ^ "Bitcoin ATM yanked after brief debut". CNET.
  9. ^ "The First In Europe – Hunting Down Europe's First Bitcoin ATM In Bratislava, Slovakia". 52insk.com. 2017-06-16. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  10. ^ "Blockchain Laws and Regulations | Canada | GLI". GLI - Global Legal InsightsInternational legal business solutions. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  11. ^ Canada, Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of (2014-12-01). "FINTRAC Policy Interpretations - Money services businesses". www.fintrac-canafe.gc.ca. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  12. ^ "FINTRAC Advisory regarding Money Services Businesses dealing in virtual currency". Fintrac-canafe.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
  13. ^ "Bitcoin Survey". Loc.gov. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
  14. ^ Ahmad, Tariq (June 2018). "Regulation of Cryptocurrency". www.loc.gov. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  15. ^ "Canada Gazette, Part I, Volume 152, Number 23: Regulations Amending Certain Regulations Made Under the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act, 2018". gazette.gc.ca.
  16. ^ https://www.fintrac-canafe.gc.ca/msb-esm/intro-eng
  17. ^ https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/cra-bitcoin-atm-research-survey-1.4771983
  18. ^ https://www.canada.ca/en/revenue-agency/services/about-canada-revenue-agency-cra/public-opinion-research-executive-summaries/bitcoin-atm-in-canadian-businesses.html
  19. ^ Wagner, Kurt. "World's First Bitcoin ATM Opens In Vancouver, Canada". Mashable. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  20. ^ McMillan, Robert (2013-10-28). "World's First Bitcoin ATM Arrives at Coffee Shop, Goes Live Tomorrow". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  21. ^ "Vancouver considering a ban on Bitcoin ATMs — which police say are 'ideal' for money laundering". thestar.com. 2019-06-04. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  22. ^ "Bitcoin ATM Installation Growth". coinatmradar.com. Retrieved 2020-08-10.
  23. ^ Bray, Hiawatha (2017-07-06). "Instant bitcoins — at a price". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  24. ^ "Bitcoinmat nemá jen Alza: seznam automatů na bitcoiny - E15.cz". E15.cz. Retrieved 2018-02-27.

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