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Governor (Les Invalides, France)

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Gouverneur des Invalides
Governor of Les Invalides
SeatParis, France
NominatorCouncil of Ministers
AppointerPrésident de la République Française
Term length5 years[1]
PrecursorGovernors
(until 1792)
General Council Administration
(1793-1796)
Commandants
(1796-1803)
Governors
(1803-1871)
Commandants
(1871-1941)
Governors
(1941-present)
Formation1670
First holderFrançois Lemaçon d’Ormoy
(1670-1678)

The Governor of Les Invalides (French: Gouverneur des Invalides) is a French military personality and figure, named by the French Government (French: Le Gouvernement Français) to direct the institution of the Hôtel des Invalides (French: Hôtel des Invalides) of Paris.

History

Honorary Courtyard by night animated since 2011 by the spectacle « Night at Les Invalides  (French: la Nuit aux Invalides) ».
Honorary Courtyard by night animated since 2011 by the spectacle « Night at Les Invalides (French: la Nuit aux Invalides) ».

Since creation, the Hôtel des Invalides (French: Hôtel des Invalides) was directed by Governors until 1792. A General Administration Council (French: Conseil Général d'Administration) ensured the direction of the institute from 1793 to 1796. Since then, the latter's directorate was exercised successively by Commandants, from 1796 to 1803, Governors from 1803 to 1871, then Commandants from 1871 to 1941, and again by Governors since that date.

Attributions

The function is assured by a général officer nominated for a period of five years by the President of France based on the proposition of the Council of Ministers (French: Conseil des Ministers). These attributions are fixed by a decree of February 25, 1961, modified by another decree of May 6, 1991.

The Governors of Les Invalides is member by rights of Law[2] (French: Membre de Droit) to the administration council of the national Institute of Les Invalides, at the title of the representatives of the State, with the title of Vice-President. « Designated to represent the President of the Republic, titular protector of the Institution, near by the retired veterans and military wounded, hospitalized at the Invalides, he exhausts all his influence so that the concerned veterans, in all sort of, and under any circumstances, are attested for their service and have the recognition of the Nation. ».[3]

He is a member by right of Law of the Musée de l'Armée. He authorizes all the diverse manifestations and official ceremonies that take lieu at the corps of the Hôtel des Invalides (French: Hôtel des Invalides), out of which notably the Cathedral Saint-Louis of Les Invalides (French: Cathédrale Saint-Louis des Invalides). He resides in the Hôtel des Invalides, along with his secretariat. If he dies in office while in official function (French: mort en function) tenure, he could be buried in the Governors Vaults.

Since August 1, 2017, the Governor of Les Invalides is général de corps d'armée Christophe de Saint-Chamas, who succeeded to général d'armée Bertrand Ract-Madoux, resigning from the date of May 12, 2017.

Governors & Commandants of Les Invalides since 1670

A series of bronze Canon de 12, époque of Louis XV, Honorary Courtyard (French: Cour d'Honneur) of Les Invalides.[4]
A series of bronze Canon de 12, époque of Louis XV, Honorary Courtyard (French: Cour d'Honneur) of Les Invalides.[4]
Gouverneurs des Invalides

Gallery Les Invalides

See also

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Several Governors of Les Invalides have died in office while in official function tenure.
  2. ^ A Member by rights of Law or (French: Membre de Droit) in any institution, (Rights of Law or Justice of Law or Law (French: Le Droit)), within the French legality law references is defined as a legal membership recognized by the lawful governing authorities patronizing the validity and decision making of an institution's rights and articles chartered course or functioning.
  3. ^ cf. présentation institutionnelle du site officiel de l'I.N.I.
  4. ^ The first cannon carried the namesake Le Tonnerre, French for Thunder, the latter weighted 1,591 kg, and was cast in 1736. On another hand historically, many naval vessels also carried the namesake Tonnerre.
  5. ^ "Governor (Les Invalides, France)", in Adolphe Robert and Gaston Cougny, Dictionnaire des parlementaires français (1789-1891), Bourloton, Paris, 1889 Edition details Wikisource
  6. ^ Décret du 25 février 1961 portant nomination du général gouverneur des Invalides, published by JORF on February 28, 1961.
  7. ^ Décret du 31 octobre 1962 portant nomination du général gouverneur des Invalides, published by JORF on November 1, 1962.
  8. ^ Décret du 4 août 1964 portant nomination du général gouverneur des Invalides, published by JORF on August 6, 1964.
  9. ^ Décret du 2 juillet 1973 portant nomination du gouverneur des Invalides, published by JORF on July 6, 1973.
  10. ^ Décret du 10 juillet 1991 portant nomination du gouverneur des Invalides, published by JORF on July 11, 1991.
  11. ^ Décret du 9 décembre 1996 portant nomination du gouverneur des Invalides, published by JORF on December 12, 1996.
  12. ^ Décret du 25 juin 2002 portant nomination du gouverneur des Invalides, published by JORF on June 29, 2002.
  13. ^ Décret du 28 mai 2009 portant nomination du gouverneur des Invalides, published by JORF on May 29, 2009.
  14. ^ Décret du 19 septembre 2014 portant nomination du gouverneur des Invalides - M. le général d'armée Ract-Madoux, published by JORF on September 21, 2014.
  15. ^ Décret du 10 mai 2017 portant cessation de fonctions du gouverneur des Invalides - M. le général d’armée Ract-Madoux, published by JORF on May 11, 2017.
  16. ^ Décret du 19 juillet 2017 portant nomination du gouverneur des Invalides - M. le général de corps d'armée de Saint Chamas (Christophe), published by JORF on July 22, 2017.
  17. ^ The height of Les Invalides is recorded at 107m at the top of the Dôme.
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Governor (Les Invalides, France)
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