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Messkirch 1800 order of battle

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Votive icon of the Battle of Messkirch
Votive icon of the Battle of Messkirch

The Battle of Messkirch on 5 May 1800 was the second major engagement of the Rhine campaign of 1800. It followed the Battle of Stockach on 3 May. The campaign began on 25 April when a French force emerged from the Kehl bridgehead. This marked the start of the offensive of Jean Victor Marie Moreau's Army of the Rhine against Paul Kray's army of Habsburg Austria and its Bavarian, Württemberg and other German allies.

French Army

Headquarters

Jean Victor Moreau
Jean Victor Moreau

Commanding General: General-in-Chief Jean Victor Marie Moreau

Source: Nafziger, George. "French Army in Germany, 10 May 1800" (PDF). US Army Combined Arms Center. Retrieved 28 December 2014.

Right Wing

Claude Lecourbe
Claude Lecourbe

General of Division Claude Lecourbe in Zurich

Source: Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. p. 177. ISBN 1-85367-276-9.

Center

Laurent Saint-Cyr
Laurent Saint-Cyr

General of Division Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr in Basel

  • General of Division Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers (8,340 infantry, 542 cavalry)
    • Generals of Brigade: Dominique Joba, François-Xavier Roussel, Just-Pasteur Sabathier
      • 12th Light Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 1st Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 15th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 23rd Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 2nd Hussar Regiment
  • General of Division: Jean Victor Tharreau (8,326 infantry, 611 cavalry)
    • Generals of Brigade: Etienne Heudelet de Bierre, René-François-Jean Aubrée, Charles Victor Woirgard
      • 2nd Light Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 24th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 51st Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 101st Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 23rd Dragoon Regiment
      • 16th Chasseurs a Cheval Regiment
  • General of Division: Michel Ney (7,270 infantry, 569 cavalry)
    • Generals of Brigade: Jean Pierre François Bonet, Charles August Bonnamy
      • 12th Light Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 54th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 76th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 103rd Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 8th Chasseurs a Cheval Regiment
  • General of Brigade Nicolas Ernault des Bruslys (2,474 infantry, 1,616 cavalry)

Source: Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. p. 178. ISBN 1-85367-276-9.

Left Wing

Gilles Sainte-Suzanne
Gilles Sainte-Suzanne

General of Division Gilles Joseph Martin Bruneteau de Sainte-Suzanne in Strasbourg

  • General of Division Claude-Sylvestre Colaud (2,740 infantry, 981 cavalry)
    • Generals of Brigade: Jean-Laurent-Justine Lacoste, Jean Pierre Girard-Vieux
      • 48th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 10th Cavalry Regiment
      • 16th Cavalry Regiment
      • 20th Chasseurs a Cheval Regiment
  • General of Division: Joseph Souham (4,687 infantry, 1,394 cavalry)
  • General of Division: Claude Juste Alexandre Legrand (5,286 infantry, 1,094 cavalry)
    • Generals of Brigade: Jacques Denis Boivin, Jean-Baptiste Drouet[1]
      • 7th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 27th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 13th Dragoon Regiment
      • 6th Chasseurs a Cheval Regiment
  • General of Division Henri François Delaborde (2,573 infantry, 286 cavalry)
    • Generals of Brigade: Jean-Pierre-Portschy Mercier, Henri-Joseph Thüring de Ryss
      • 29th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 65th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 2nd Helvétique Légion
      • 4th Cavalry Regiment
      • 19th Cavalry Regiment

Source: Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. p. 178. ISBN 1-85367-276-9.

Reserve

General-in-Chief Moreau

  • General of Division Antoine Guillaume Delmas (8,635 infantry, 1,031 cavalry)
    • Generals of Brigade: Jean Baptiste Jacopin, Charles Louis Dieudonne Grandjean, Jean Baptiste Lorcet, Jacques Quétard, Boyer
      • 14th Light Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 46th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 50th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 57th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 108th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 6th Cavalry Regiment
      • 4th Hussar Regiment
      • 11th Chasseurs a Cheval Regiment
  • General of Division Charles Leclerc (6,035 infantry, 963 cavalry)
    • Generals of Brigade: Louis Bastoul, Frédéric Henri Walther, Adrien Marie Gabriel Desperrières
      • 14th Light Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 53rd Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 89th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 10th Chasseurs a Cheval Regiment
      • 23rd Chasseurs a Cheval Regiment
  • General of Division Antoine Richepanse (6,848 infantry, 1,187 cavalry)
    • Generals of Brigade: Antoine Digonet, Pierre François Joseph Durutte
      • Combined Grenadiers
      • 4th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 50th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 100th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 13th Cavalry Regiment
      • 17th Dragoon Regiment
      • 5th Hussar Regiment
  • General of Division Jean-Joseph Ange d'Hautpoul (1,504 cavalry)
    • General of Brigade: Jean-Louis-Brigitte Espagne
      • 1st Carabinier Regiment
      • 2nd Carabinier Regiment
    • General of Brigade: Denis Felix Devrigny
      • 8th Cavalry Regiment
      • 9th Cavalry Regiment

Source: Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. p. 178. ISBN 1-85367-276-9.

Detached

  • General of Division Louis-Antoine Choin de Montchoisy (7,715 infantry, 519 cavalry) in Switzerland
    • Generals of Brigade: Joseph Antoine Mainoni, Théodore Chabert
      • 1st Light Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 9th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 28th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 44th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 102nd Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 14th Cavalry Regiment
      • 22nd Cavalry Regiment
  • General of Division Jean François Leval (5,640 infantry, 426 cavalry)
    • Unbrigaded:
      • 65th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 91st Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 110th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 1st Helvétique Légion
      • 3rd Hussar Regiment
  • General of Division François Xavier Jacob Freytag (2,935 infantry)
    • Unbrigaded:
      • 29th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 95th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • 3rd Helvétique Légion
  • General of Division Joseph Gilot (750 cavalry)
    • Unbrigaded:
      • 1st Dragoon Regiment
      • 6th Hussar Regiment
  • General of Division Alexandre Paul Guérin de Chateaunef-Randon (3,430 infantry, 485 cavalry)
    • Unbrigaded:
      • 80th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • Polish Danube Legion
      • 15th Cavalry Regiment
      • 24th Cavalry Regiment
  • General of Division Antoine Laroche Dubouscat (3,100 infantry, 91 cavalry)
    • Unbrigaded:
      • 20th Line Infantry Demi Brigade
      • North French Legion
      • 16th Cavalry Regiment

Source: Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. p. 178. ISBN 1-85367-276-9.

Notes

  1. ^ Nafziger, George. "The Army of the Rhine, 1 May 1800" (PDF). US Army Combined Arms Center. Retrieved 29 December 2014. Nafziger rendered the name "Drouet" while Smith made it "Devent".

References

See also

The following are excellent sources for the full names and ranks of French and Austrian generals of the French Revolution and Napoleonic periods.

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Messkirch 1800 order of battle
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