Your daily knowledge snacks, directly from Wikipedia
- Ram Nath Kovind (pictured) is elected President of India.
- Iranian mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani, the first woman to receive the Fields Medal, dies at the age of 40.
- Liu Xiaobo, a Chinese pro-democracy activist, political prisoner and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, dies at the age of 61.
- Former Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva is sentenced to nearly ten years in prison over the Operation Car Wash corruption scandal.
- A giant iceberg, covering approximately 5,800 km2 (2,200 sq mi), breaks away from the Larsen C Ice Shelf in Antarctica.
Today in History
- 1862 – American Civil War: Henry Halleck (pictured) was appointed general-in-chief of the Union Army.
- 1921 – The Communist Party of China was founded at the founding National Congress in Shanghai.
- 1942 – The Holocaust: The gas chambers at Treblinka extermination camp began operation, killing 6,500 Jews who had been transported from the Warsaw Ghetto the day before.
- 1974 – Following the collapse of the Greek military junta, the Metapolitefsi period began as the country transitioned to a democratic government.
- 2002 – On the 50th anniversary of its founding, the European Coal and Steel Community disbanded, and its activities and resources were absorbed by the European Community.
Did You Know?
- ... that the Tjele helmet fragment is part of one of only five known Viking Age helmets?
- ... that Shanno Devi was the first woman speaker of a State Assembly in India?
- ... that U.S. admiral Mark Bristol unsuccessfully protested against the deportations of Samsun Greeks to the Turkish authorities of Mustafa Kemal?
- ... that Norah C. James' first book Sleeveless Errand was ruled obscene and ordered by the Bow Street Police Court to be destroyed?
- ... that The Gamblers' "Moon Dawg!" single is considered by some to be the first surf rock record?
- ... that Charles Corydon Hall is considered the father of the rock wool insulation industry in America?
- ... that the Shinano River is the longest river, and has the third largest drainage basin, in Japan?
- ... that ProRodeo Hall of Fame barrel racer Charmayne James still managed to win the round when her horse Scamper's bridle fell off?
Today's Featured Article
The 1983 Atlantic hurricane season was the least active Atlantic hurricane season in 53 years. Although the season begins by convention on June 1, there were no tropical depressions until July 23, and only four of the season's seven depressions became tropical storms. Tropical Depression Three became Hurricane Alicia (satellite image pictured) on August 17 and made landfall in Texas the next day, breaking thousands of glass windows in Houston's skyscrapers, killing 22 people and causing $1.7 billion in damage. The storm that became Hurricane Barry formed on August 25, crossed Florida, and made landfall near Brownsville, Texas, dissipating five days later. Hurricane Chantal stayed out at sea, and was absorbed by a front on September 15. Tropical Depression Six formed on September 19 and caused heavy rains in the Caribbean. Tropical Storm Dean, the final storm of the season, attained peak winds of 65 mph (105 km/h), and made landfall on the Delmarva Peninsula on September 29. (Full article...)
Today's Featured Picture
The Pillars of Creation are a series of elephant trunks of interstellar gas and dust in the Eagle Nebula initially photographed in 1995. They are so named because the depicted gas and dust, while being eroded by the light from nearby stars, are in the process of creating new stars. Shown here is a 2011 rephotograph, which was unveiled in 2015 as part of the Hubble Space Telescope's 25th anniversary celebrations.
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