Évariste Galois

French mathematician (1811–1832) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Évariste Galois (/ɡælˈwɑː/;[1] French: [evaʁist ɡalwa]; 25 October 1811 – 31 May 1832) was a French mathematician and political activist. While still in his teens, he was able to determine a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable by radicals, thereby solving a problem that had been open for 350 years. His work laid the foundations for Galois theory and group theory,[2] two major branches of abstract algebra.

Quick facts: Évariste Galois, Born, Died, Cause of de...
Évariste Galois
A portrait of Évariste Galois aged about 15
Évariste Galois

(1811-10-25)25 October 1811
Died31 May 1832(1832-05-31) (aged 20)
Cause of deathGunshot wound to the abdomen
Alma materÉcole préparatoire
(no degree)
Known forWork on theory of equations, group theory and Galois theory
Scientific career

Galois was a staunch republican and was heavily involved in the political turmoil that surrounded the French Revolution of 1830. As a result of his political activism, he was arrested repeatedly, serving one jail sentence of several months. For reasons that remain obscure, shortly after his release from prison, Galois fought in a duel and died of the wounds he suffered.[3]

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