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Can you list the top facts and stats about Évariste Galois?
Summarize this article for a 10 year old
Évariste Galois (//; French: [evaʁist ɡalwa]; 25 October 1811 – 31 May 1832) was a French mathematician and political activist. While still in his teens, he was able to determine a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable by radicals, thereby solving a problem that had been open for 350 years. His work laid the foundations for Galois theory and group theory, two major branches of abstract algebra.
(1811-10-25)25 October 1811
|Died||31 May 1832(1832-05-31) (aged 20)|
Paris, Kingdom of France
|Cause of death||Gunshot wound to the abdomen|
|Alma mater||École préparatoire|
|Known for||Work on theory of equations, group theory and Galois theory|
Galois was a staunch republican and was heavily involved in the political turmoil that surrounded the French Revolution of 1830. As a result of his political activism, he was arrested repeatedly, serving one jail sentence of several months. For reasons that remain obscure, shortly after his release from prison, Galois fought in a duel and died of the wounds he suffered.
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