1824 United States presidential election

10th quadrennial U.S. presidential election / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The 1824 United States presidential election was the tenth quadrennial presidential election. It was held from Tuesday, October 26 to Thursday, December 2, 1824. Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay and William Crawford were the primary contenders for the presidency. The result of the election was inconclusive, as no candidate won a majority of the electoral vote. In the election for vice president, John C. Calhoun was elected with a comfortable majority of the vote. Because none of the candidates for president garnered an electoral vote majority, the U.S. House of Representatives, under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment, held a contingent election. On February 9, 1825, the House voted (with each state delegation casting one vote) to elect John Quincy Adams as president.[2][3]

Quick facts: 261 members of the Electoral College 131 elec...
1824 United States presidential election
 1820 October 26 – December 2, 1824 1828 

261 members of the Electoral College
131 electoral votes needed to win
Turnout26.9%[1] Increase 16.8 pp
  John_Quincy_Adams_1858_crop.jpg Andrew_Jackson.jpg
Nominee John Quincy Adams Andrew Jackson
Party Democratic-Republican Democratic-Republican
Alliance Adams-Clay Republican Jacksonian
Home state Massachusetts Tennessee
Running mate John C. Calhoun John C. Calhoun
Electoral vote 84 99
Delegate count 13 7
States carried 7 11
Popular vote 113,122[lower-alpha 1] 151,271[lower-alpha 1]
Percentage 30.9% 41.4%

  WilliamHCrawford.jpg Henry_Clay.JPG
Nominee William H. Crawford Henry Clay
Party Democratic-Republican Democratic-Republican
Alliance Old Republican Adams-Clay Republican
Home state Georgia Kentucky
Running mate Nathaniel Macon[lower-alpha 2] Nathan Sanford
Electoral vote 41 37
Delegate count 4 N/A
States carried 3 3
Popular vote 40,856[lower-alpha 1] 47,531[lower-alpha 1]
Percentage 11.2% 13.0%

Presidential election results map. Blue denotes states won by Jackson, green denotes those won by Adams, orange denotes those won by Crawford, light yellow denotes those won by Clay. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.

President before election

James Monroe

Elected President

John Quincy Adams

1825 contingent U.S. presidential election
February 9, 1825

24 state delegations of the House of Representatives
13 state votes needed to win
  John_Quincy_Adams_1858_crop.jpg Andrew_Jackson.jpg WilliamHCrawford.jpg
Candidate John Quincy Adams Andrew Jackson William H. Crawford
Party Democratic-Republican Democratic-Republican Democratic-Republican
States carried 13 7 4
Percentage 54.17% 29.17% 16.67%

House of Representatives votes by state. States in orange voted for Crawford, states in green for Adams, and states in blue for Jackson.

The Democratic-Republican Party had won six consecutive presidential elections and by 1824 was the only national political party. However, as the election approached, the presence of multiple viable candidates resulted in there being multiple nominations by the contending factions, signaling the splintering of the party and an end to the Era of Good Feelings, as well as the First Party System.

Adams won New England, Jackson and Adams split the mid-Atlantic states, Jackson and Clay split the Western states, and Jackson and Crawford split the Southern states. Jackson finished with a plurality of the popular vote and the electoral vote, due to the Three-fifths Compromise, while the other three candidates each finished with a significant share of the votes. Clay, who had finished fourth, was eliminated. Adams was the first son of a former president to become president, something later repeated by George W. Bush in 2000.

This is one of two presidential elections (along with the 1800 election) that have been decided in the House. It is also one of five elections in which the winner did not achieve at least a plurality of the national popular vote and the only election in which the candidate who received the most electoral votes from the Electoral College did not win the election.