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1846 in Canada

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Years in Canada: 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849
Centuries: 18th century · 19th century · 20th century
Decades: 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s
Years: 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849

Events from the year 1846 in Canada.


Federal government




  • January 29 – Many persons in the Eastern Townships are arrested on charge of counterfeiting, being afterwards tried before Sir James Stuart and other Judges. Hon L. T. Drummond and Edward Short, (afterwards judges), prosecute; H. B. Terrill (afterwards M.P.P. for Stanstead), defends. All are acquitted.
  • April 18 – The commission on Rebellion Losses reports.
  • 16 May – Under the leadership of British Prime Minister Robert Peel, the British Parliament repeals the Corn Laws, replacing the old Colonial mercantile trade system with Free Trade.
  • June 9 – Burning of St. John's, Newfoundland.
  • June 12 – Theatre burned at Quebec.
  • June 15 – Britain and United States settle the long-disputed boundary across the Columbia District or Oregon Country from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific, by drawing the boundary across the mountains along the 49th Parallel to the Strait of Georgia, and leaving the Colony of Vancouver Island, established in 1843, intact.

Full date unknown

  • Mines north of Lake Superior are explored.
  • The new canal, from Lachine, overcomes a fall of 42 ft., in 8½ miles, by two locks of 13 ft. and two of 8 ft. Equal fall of the whole river would wield 4,500,000 horse power.
  • Hon. John Young writes the Economist, favoring a bridge across the St. Lawrence.
  • The Irish potato famine begins, marking a change in the composition of Irish immigrating to Canada from mostly rich, well-connected, respectable Protestants to vastly poor, ill-equipped, poorly treated Catholics.
  • David Thompson begins compiling a book about his travels.



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1846 in Canada
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