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|Years in Canada:||1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872|
|Centuries:||18th century · 19th century · 20th century|
|Decades:||1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s|
|Years:||1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1869 in Canada.
- Governor general – Charles Monck, 4th Viscount Monck (until February 2) then John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar
- Prime minister – John A. Macdonald
- Parliament – 1st
- Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Lemuel Allan Wilmot
- Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Charles Hastings Doyle
- Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – William Pearce Howland
- Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau
- February 2 – Lord Lisgar replaces Viscount Monck of Ballytrammon as Governor General
- February 11 – Patrick James Whelan is hanged for the assassination of Thomas D'Arcy McGee
- October 9 – Sir Francis Hincks becomes Minister of Finance
- October 24 – The Canadian Illustrated News is founded in Montreal.
- November 19 – The Deed of Surrender recognizes the purchase of Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory from the Hudson's Bay Company: the lands are placed under the direct control of the Crown, but do not yet formally belong to Canada.
- Timothy Eaton opens his first store in Toronto
- Newfoundland rejects Confederation with Canada
- 1869 Newfoundland general election
- Red River Rebellion begins
- George Hunt founds Huntsville, Ontario
- 1869 to 1870 – Smallpox epidemic strikes Canadian Plains tribes, including Blackfeet, Piegan, and Blood.
- Maria Susan Rye began bringing groups of children from poorhouses and orphanages to Canada from England.
- March 18 – Maude Abbott, physician (d.1940)
- April 6 – Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté, painter and sculptor (d.1937)
- June 20 – William Donald Ross, financier, banker and Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (d.1947)
- August 25 – Charles William Jefferys, artist and historian (d.1951)
- November 25 – Herbert Greenfield, politician and 4th Premier of Alberta (d.1949)
- December 18 – William Sanford Evans, politician (d.1950)
- December 30 – Stephen Leacock, writer and economist (d.1944)
- February 11 – Patrick J. Whelan, tailor and alleged Fenian sympathizer executed following the 1868 assassination of Canadian journalist and politician Thomas D'Arcy McGee (b.1840)
- March 5 – John Redpath, Scots-Quebecer businessman and philanthropist (b.1796)
- August 1 – Louis-Charles Boucher de Niverville, lawyer and politician (b.1825)
- Ottawa Board of Trade, Report of the Council of the Board of Trade of Ottawa on the Settlement of the North-West (Ottawa: Printed by Hunter, Rose & Co, 1869), pgs. 7-12. Accessed 10 September 2018 http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/bibliography/517/10.html
- Letter of December 8, 1869 to Lieutenant-Governor William MacDougall, in Correspondence and Papers Connected with Recent Occurrences in the North-West Territories (Ottawa: Printed by I.B. Taylor, 1870), pg. 97. Accessed 10 September 2018 http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/bibliography/543/114.html
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