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|Years in Canada:||1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877|
|Centuries:||18th century · 19th century · 20th century|
|Decades:||1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s|
|Years:||1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1874 in Canada.
- Governor general – Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood
- Prime minister – Alexander Mackenzie
- Parliament – 2nd (until 2 January) then 3rd (from 26 March)
- Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Joseph Trutch
- Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Alexander Morris
- Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Samuel Leonard Tilley
- Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Adams George Archibald
- Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – John Willoughby Crawford
- Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – William Cleaver Francis Robinson (until July 4) then Robert Hodgson
- Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – René-Édouard Caron
- Premier of British Columbia – Amor De Cosmos (until February 11) then George Anthony Walkem
- Premier of Manitoba – Henry Joseph Clarke (until July 8) then Marc-Amable Girard (July 8 to December 3) then Robert Atkinson Davis
- Premier of New Brunswick – George Edwin King
- Premier of Nova Scotia – William Annand
- Premier of Ontario – Oliver Mowat
- Premier of Prince Edward Island – Lemuel Cambridge Owen
- Premier of Quebec – Gédéon Ouimet (until September 22) then Charles Boucher de Boucherville
- January 22 – Federal election: Alexander Mackenzie's Liberals win a majority, defeating J. A. Macdonald's Liberal-Conservatives
- February 11 – George Walkem becomes premier of British Columbia, replacing Amor De Cosmos
- April 16 – Louis Riel is barred from taking his seat in the House of Commons.
- May 29 – The Liberals introduce electoral reform that introduces the secret ballot and abolishes property qualifications
- June–July - New Brunswick election
- July 8 - Marc-Amable Girard becomes premier of Manitoba for the second time, replacing Henry Joseph Clarke
- July 26 - Alexander Graham Bell discloses the invention of the telephone to his father at the family home on the outskirts of Brantford, Ontario.
- September 22 – Sir Charles-Eugène de Boucherville becomes premier of Quebec, replacing Gédéon Ouimet
- October 1 – The North-West Mounted Police base at Fort Macleod is founded
- December 3 – Robert Davis becomes premier of Manitoba, replacing Marc-Amable Girard.
- December 17 – Nova Scotia election: Philip Carteret Hill's Liberals win a second consecutive majority
- December 30 – Manitoba election
- Anabaptists (Russian Mennonites) start to arrive in Manitoba from various Russian colonies arriving in Canada in August.
- The federal Liberal government grants provisional boundaries to Ontario that extend the province to the north and west. These provisional boundaries will not be recognized by the federal Conservatives when they return to power.
- Newfoundland election
- January 15 – James David Stewart, educator, lawyer, politician and Premier of Prince Edward Island (d.1933)
- January 16 – Robert W. Service, poet and writer (d.1958)
- January 29 – Frank Boyes, politician (d.1961)
- February 10 – Walter Lea, politician and Premier of Prince Edward Island (d.1936)
- April 14 – Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, 16th Governor General of Canada (d.1957)
- June 16 – Arthur Meighen, politician and 9th Prime Minister of Canada (d.1960)
- July 13 – Norman Dawes, businessman
- July 29 – J. S. Woodsworth, politician (d.1942)
- October 1 – Arthur Sauvé, politician (d.1944)
- October 10 – Roland Fairbairn McWilliams, politician and Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba (d.1957)
- October 12 – Albert Charles Saunders, jurist, politician and Premier of Prince Edward Island (d.1943)
- February 8 – Joseph-Bruno Guigues, first bishop of the diocese of Bytown (Ottawa) (b.1805)
- March 9 – Joseph Casavant, manufacturer of pipe organs (b.1807)
- June 18 – Edwin Atwater, businessperson and municipal politician (b.1808)
- August 3 – Charles Laberge, lawyer, journalist and politician (b.1827)
- December 17 – Hiram Blanchard, Premier of Nova Scotia (b.1820)
- December 22 – Étienne Parent, journalist (b.1802)
- "Montgomery, L. M. (Lucy Maud), 1874-1942". id.loc.gov. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Arch. Geikie, "Colonial Geological Surveys; I. Canada," Nature (June 25, 1874), pgs. 144-6. Accessed 16 September 2018 http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/HistSciTech/HistSciTech-idx?type=turn&id=HistSciTech.Nature18740625&entity=HistSciTech.Nature18740625.p0006
- Samuel Benfield Steele, Forty Years in Canada: Reminiscences of the Great North-West (Toronto: McClelland, Goodchild & Stewart, 1914), pgs. 63-4. Accessed 16 September 2018 http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/bibliography/4077/93.html
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