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1894 Shōnai earthquake

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1894 Shōnai earthquake
庄内地震
1894 Shōnai earthquake
1894 Shōnai earthquake
1894 Shōnai earthquake
Local dateOctober 22, 1894 [1]
Magnitude7.0 ML
Epicenter38°54′N 139°54′E / 38.9°N 139.9°E / 38.9; 139.9Coordinates: 38°54′N 139°54′E / 38.9°N 139.9°E / 38.9; 139.9[2]
Casualties726 (Death toll)[3]

The 1894 Shōnai earthquake (Japanese: 庄内地震[4]) is an earthquake occurred on October 22, 1894 at Sakata, Yamagata Prefecture in Japan. It was caused by the movement of the Shonai Plain Eastern Margin Fault Zone (庄内平野東縁断層帯).[5]

Damage

According to the official confirmed report, 14,118 houses and buildings were damaged and 2,148 were burned.[6] There were 726 human fatalities and 8,403 people injured in the damaged area. A large-scale fire broke out in Sakata, and around the Shonai plain area, many instances of cracked earth, sinking ground, sand boils, and fountains were observed.

References

  1. ^ デジタル大辞泉プラス. "庄内地震とは". コトバンク (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ "日本付近の主な被害地震年代表". www.zisin.jp. Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  3. ^ "庄内地震(1894年10月22日) | 災害カレンダー". Yahoo!天気・災害 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  4. ^ "気象庁 | 過去の地震津波災害". www.data.jma.go.jp. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  5. ^ 庄内平野東縁断層帯 - 地震調査研究推進本部
  6. ^ "山形県の地震活動の特徴". www.jishin.go.jp. Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
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1894 Shōnai earthquake
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