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1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1962nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 962nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1960s decade.

Clockwise from top-left: the 1962 FIFA World Cup is held in Chile and won by Brazil; Marilyn Monroe sings "Happy Birthday, Mr. President" to U.S. President John F. Kennedy, just 4 months before her death; John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the Earth in Mercury-Atlas 6 mission; a border dispute between India and China is fought; Algeria and other African countries gain independence from France; Mariner 2 was the world's first successful interplanetary spacecraft; Tropical Storm Harriet kills 50,935 people in Thailand and East Pakistan; the Cuban Missile Crisis, an international crisis that is considered the closest the Cold War came to escalating into a full-scale conflict, nuclear war.
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Millennium: 2nd millennium
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1962 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1962
Ab urbe condita2715
Armenian calendar1411
Assyrian calendar6712
Baháʼí calendar118–119
Balinese saka calendar1883–1884
Bengali calendar1369
Berber calendar2912
British Regnal year10 Eliz. 2  11 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2506
Burmese calendar1324
Byzantine calendar7470–7471
Chinese calendar辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
4658 or 4598
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
4659 or 4599
Coptic calendar1678–1679
Discordian calendar3128
Ethiopian calendar1954–1955
Hebrew calendar5722–5723
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2018–2019
 - Shaka Samvat1883–1884
 - Kali Yuga5062–5063
Holocene calendar11962
Igbo calendar962–963
Iranian calendar1340–1341
Islamic calendar1381–1382
Japanese calendarShōwa 37
Javanese calendar1893–1894
Juche calendar51
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4295
Minguo calendarROC 51
Nanakshahi calendar494
Thai solar calendar2505
Tibetan calendar阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
2088 or 1707 or 935
(male Water-Tiger)
2089 or 1708 or 936

The year saw the Cuban Missile Crisis, which is often considered the closest the world came to a nuclear confrontation during the Cold War.