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Abietic acid

Chemical compound / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Abietic acid (also known as abietinic acid or sylvic acid) is an organic compound that occurs widely in trees. It is the primary component of resin acid, is the primary irritant in pine wood and resin, isolated from rosin (via isomerization) and is the most abundant of several closely related organic acids that constitute most of rosin, the solid portion of the oleoresin of coniferous trees. Its ester or salt is called an abietate.[2]

Quick facts: Names, Identifiers, Properties, Hazards...
Abietic acid
Names
IUPAC name
Abieta-7,13-dien-18-oic acid
Preferred IUPAC name
(1R,4aR,4bR,10aR)-1,4a-Dimethyl-7-(propan-2-yl)-1,2,3,4,4a,4b,5,6,10,10a-decahydrophenanthrene-1-carboxylic acid
Other names
Abietinic acid; Sylvic acid
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.007.436
EC Number
  • 208-173-3
KEGG
RTECS number
  • TP8580000
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C20H30O2/c1-13(2)14-6-8-16-15(12-14)7-9-17-19(16,3)10-5-11-20(17,4)18(21)22/h7,12-13,16-17H,5-6,8-11H2,1-4H3,(H,21,22)/t16-,17+,19+,20+/m0/s1 Y
    Key: RSWGJHLUYNHPMX-ONCXSQPRSA-N Y
  • InChI=1/C20H30O2/c1-13(2)14-6-8-16-15(12-14)7-9-17-19(16,3)10-5-11-20(17,4)18(21)22/h7,12-13,16-17H,5-6,8-11H2,1-4H3,(H,21,22)/t16-,17+,19+,20+/m0/s1
    Key: RSWGJHLUYNHPMX-ONCXSQPRBK
  • O=C(O)[C@]3([C@@H]2C/C=C1/C=C(\CC[C@@H]1[C@@]2(C)CCC3)C(C)C)C
Properties
C20H30O2
Molar mass 302.458 g·mol−1
Appearance Yellow resinous powder, crystals or chunks. Monoclinic plates (from EtOH/water). Colorless solid when pure.
Density 1.06 g/mL
Melting point 172–175 °C (342–347 °F; 445–448 K)[1]
Insoluble[1]
Solubility in other solvents Very soluble in acetone, petroleum ether, Et2O, and ethanol
Hazards
Occupational safety and health (OHS/OSH):
Main hazards
Irritant
GHS labelling:
Warning
H317
P261, P272, P280, P302+P352, P321, P333+P313, P363, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
1
0
0
Safety data sheet (SDS) MSDS
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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