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Long-tailed tit (A. caudatus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Aegithalidae
Genus: Aegithalos
Hermann, 1804
Type species
Parus caudatus (long-tailed tit)
Linnaeus, 1758

10, see text


Orites G.R.Gray, 1841 (non Keyserling & Blasius, 1840: preoccupied; non Moehring, 1758: suppressed)

Aegithalos is a songbird genus in the family Aegithalidae.


The genus Aegithalos was introduced in 1804 by the French naturalist Johann Hermann to accommodate a single species, the long-tailed tit.[1][2] The genus name was a term used by Aristotle for some European tits, including the long-tailed tit.[3]


The genus contains following ten species:[4]

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Long-tailed tit Aegithalos caudatus northern Europe and the Palearctic, into boreal Scandinavia and south into the Mediterranean zone
Silver-throated bushtit Aegithalos glaucogularis central and eastern China and south towards Yunnan
White-cheeked bushtit Aegithalos leucogenys Afghanistan, Kashmir region, and Pakistan.
Black-throated bushtit Aegithalos concinnus foothills of the Himalayas, stretching across northern India through north-eastern Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, northern Myanmar, Vietnam, and Taiwan.
White-throated bushtit Aegithalos niveogularis India, Nepal, and Pakistan.
Rufous-fronted bushtit Aegithalos iouschistos eastern and central Himalayas in Bhutan, China, India and Nepal
Black-browed bushtit Aegithalos bonvaloti mid-southern China and far northern Burma.
Burmese bushtit Aegithalos sharpei southwestern Myanmar.
Sooty bushtit Aegithalos fuliginosus central China.
Pygmy bushtit Aegithalos exilis Indonesia

Fossil record

  • Aegithalos gaspariki (Late Miocene of Polgardi, Hungary) [5]
  • Aegithalos congruis (Pliocene of Csarnota, Hungary) [5]


  1. ^ Hermann, Johann (1804). Observationes zoologicae quibus novae complures, aliaeque animalium species describuntur et illustrantur (in Latin). Argentorati [Strasbourg]: Amandum Koenig. p. 214.
  2. ^ Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1986). Check-List of Birds of the World. Volume 12. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 52. |volume= has extra text (help)
  3. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2021). "Bushtits, leaf warblers, reed warblers". IOC World Bird List Version 11.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  5. ^ a b Kessler, E. 2013. Neogene songbirds (Aves, Passeriformes) from Hungary. – Hantkeniana, Budapest, 2013, 8: 37-149.

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