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Long-tailed tit (A. caudatus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Aegithalidae
Genus: Aegithalos
Hermann, 1804

10, see text


Orites G.R.Gray, 1841 (non Keyserling & Blasius, 1840: preoccupied; non Moehring, 1758: suppressed)

Aegithalos is a songbird genus in the family Aegithalidae. The genus name Aegithalos was a term used by Aristotle for some European tits, including the long-tailed tit.[1]


It contains the following nine species:[2]

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Long-tailed tit Aegithalos caudatus northern Europe and the Palearctic, into boreal Scandinavia and south into the Mediterranean zone
Silver-throated bushtit Aegithalos glaucogularis central and eastern China and south towards Yunnan
White-cheeked bushtit Aegithalos leucogenys Afghanistan, Kashmir region, and Pakistan.
Black-throated bushtit Aegithalos concinnus foothills of the Himalayas, stretching across northern India through north-eastern Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, northern Myanmar, Vietnam, and Taiwan.
White-throated bushtit Aegithalos niveogularis India, Nepal, and Pakistan.
Rufous-fronted bushtit Aegithalos iouschistos eastern and central Himalayas in Bhutan, China, India and Nepal
Black-browed bushtit Aegithalos bonvaloti mid-southern China and far northern Burma.
Burmese bushtit Aegithalos sharpei southwestern Myanmar.
Sooty bushtit Aegithalos fuliginosus central China.
Pygmy bushtit Aegithalos exilis Indonesia

Fossil record

  • Aegithalos gaspariki (Late Miocene of Polgardi, Hungary) [3]
  • Aegithalos congruis (Pliocene of Csarnota, Hungary) [3]


  1. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  2. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Bushtits, leaf warblers, reed warblers". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b Kessler, E. 2013. Neogene songbirds (Aves, Passeriformes) from Hungary. – Hantkeniana, Budapest, 2013, 8: 37-149.

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