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Africa (Roman province)

Roman province in north Africa / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Africa was a Roman province on the northern coast of what is now known as the African continent. It was established in 146 BC, following the Roman Republic's conquest of Carthage in the Third Punic War. It roughly comprised the territory of present-day Tunisia, the northeast of Algeria, and the coast of western Libya along the Gulf of Sirte. The territory was originally and still is inhabited by Berber people, known in Latin as Mauri, indigenous to all of North Africa west of Egypt. In the 9th century BC, Semitic Phoenicians from Western Asia built settlements along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea to facilitate shipping. Carthage, rising to prominence in the 8th century BC, became the predominant of these.

Quick facts: Africa Proconsularis, Capital, History, Histo...
Africa Proconsularis
Province of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire
146 BC–AD 439
The province of Africa within the Roman Empire
CapitalZama Regia, then Carthago
Historical eraClassical antiquity-Late antiquity-Early Middle Ages
 Established after the Third Punic War
146 BC
439 AD
 Byzantine reconquest by Vandalic War
 Reorganization into the Exarchate
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Symbol_of_Tanit.png Ancient Carthage
Vandales.png Vandal Kingdom
Vandal Kingdom Vandales.png
Ifriqiya White_flag_3_to_2.svg
Today part ofTunisia

Africa was one of the wealthiest provinces in the western part of the Roman Empire, second only to Italy. In addition to Carthage, other large settlements in the province were Hadrumetum (modern Sousse, Tunisia), the capital of Byzacena, and Hippo Regius (modern Annaba, Algeria).

The Roman empire in the time of Hadrian (ruled 117–138 AD), showing, in northern Africa, the senatorial province of Africa Proconsularis (E. Algeria/Tunisia/Tripolitania). 1 legion deployed in 125.

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