Albany Movement

Desegregation and voters' rights coalition formed in Albany, Georgia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Albany Movement was a desegregation and voters' rights coalition formed in Albany, Georgia, in November 1961. This movement was founded by local black leaders and ministers, as well as members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).[1] The groups were assisted by Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). It was meant to draw attention to the brutally enforced racial segregation practices in Southwest Georgia. However, many leaders in SNCC were fundamentally opposed to King and the SCLC's involvement. They felt that a more democratic approach aimed at long-term solutions was preferable for the area other than King's tendency towards short-term, authoritatively-run organizing.[2]

Quick facts: Albany Movement, Date, Location, Caused by, P...
Albany Movement
Part of the Civil Rights Movement
Albany, Georgia in Dougherty County and adjacent counties – Baker, Lee, Mitchell, Sumter, and Terrell
Caused by
  • Albany Board of City Commissioners
    • City Manager of Albany
    • Albany Police Department
  • Albany State College
Lead figures

City of Albany

  • Asa Kelley, Albany Mayor and Chairman of City Commissioners
  • Steve Roos, City Manager of Albany
  • Laurie Pritchett, Albany Chief of Police

Although the Albany Movement is deemed by some as a failure due to its unsuccessful attempt at desegregating public spaces in Southwest Georgia, those most directly involved in the movement tend to disagree. People involved in this movement labeled it as a beneficial lesson in strategy and tactics for the leaders of the civil rights movement and a key component to the movement's future successes in desegregation and policy changes in other areas of the Deep South.[2]

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