Alexander Grothendieck
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Alexander Grothendieck (/ˈɡroʊtəndiːk/; German pronunciation: [ˌalɛˈksandɐ ˈɡʁoːtn̩ˌdiːk] (listen); French: [ɡʁɔtɛndik]; 28 March 1928 – 13 November 2014) was a Germanborn mathematician who became the leading figure in the creation of modern algebraic geometry.[7][8] His research extended the scope of the field and added elements of commutative algebra, homological algebra, sheaf theory, and category theory to its foundations, while his socalled "relative" perspective led to revolutionary advances in many areas of pure mathematics.[7][9] He is considered by many to be the greatest mathematician of the twentieth century.[10][11]
Alexander Grothendieck  

Born  (19280328)28 March 1928 
Died  13 November 2014(20141113) (aged 86) SaintLizier, Ariège, France 
Nationality  
Alma mater  
Known for  Renewing algebraic geometry and synthesis between it and number theory and topology List of things named after Alexander Grothendieck 
Awards 

Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics – functional analysis, algebraic geometry, homological algebra 
Institutions  
Thesis  Produits tensoriels topologiques et espaces nucléaires (1953) 
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Grothendieck began his productive and public career as a mathematician in 1949. In 1958, he was appointed a research professor at the Institut des hautes études scientifiques (IHÉS) and remained there until 1970, when, driven by personal and political convictions, he left following a dispute over military funding. He received the Fields Medal in 1966 for advances in algebraic geometry, homological algebra, and Ktheory.[12] He later became professor at the University of Montpellier[5] and, while still producing relevant mathematical work, he withdrew from the mathematical community and devoted himself to political and religious pursuits (first Buddhism and later, a more Christian vision).[13] In 1991, he moved to the French village of Lasserre in the Pyrenees, where he lived in seclusion, still working tirelessly on mathematics and his philosophical and religious thoughts until his death in 2014.[14]