Alexander Grothendieck

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Alexander Grothendieck (/ˈɡrtəndk/; German pronunciation: [ˌalɛˈksandɐ ˈɡʁoːtn̩ˌdiːk] (Loudspeaker.svglisten); French: [ɡʁɔtɛndik]; 28 March 1928 – 13 November 2014) was a German-born mathematician who became the leading figure in the creation of modern algebraic geometry.[7][8] His research extended the scope of the field and added elements of commutative algebra, homological algebra, sheaf theory, and category theory to its foundations, while his so-called "relative" perspective led to revolutionary advances in many areas of pure mathematics.[7][9] He is considered by many to be the greatest mathematician of the twentieth century.[10][11]

Quick facts: Alexander Grothendieck, Born, Died, Nationali...
Alexander Grothendieck
Alexander Grothendieck in Montreal, 1970
Born(1928-03-28)28 March 1928
Died13 November 2014(2014-11-13) (aged 86)
Alma mater
Known forRenewing algebraic geometry and synthesis between it and number theory and topology
List of things named after Alexander Grothendieck
Scientific career
FieldsMathematicsfunctional analysis, algebraic geometry, homological algebra
ThesisProduits tensoriels topologiques et espaces nucléaires (1953)
Doctoral advisors
Doctoral students

Grothendieck began his productive and public career as a mathematician in 1949. In 1958, he was appointed a research professor at the Institut des hautes études scientifiques (IHÉS) and remained there until 1970, when, driven by personal and political convictions, he left following a dispute over military funding. He received the Fields Medal in 1966 for advances in algebraic geometry, homological algebra, and K-theory.[12] He later became professor at the University of Montpellier[5] and, while still producing relevant mathematical work, he withdrew from the mathematical community and devoted himself to political and religious pursuits (first Buddhism and later, a more Christian vision).[13] In 1991, he moved to the French village of Lasserre in the Pyrenees, where he lived in seclusion, still working tirelessly on mathematics and his philosophical and religious thoughts until his death in 2014.[14]