Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short, summarize this topic like I'm... Ten years old or a College student
|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Melting point||223-226 °C(lit.)|
|H2O: 0.1 g/mL hot, clear to very faintly turbid, colorless|
|P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501|
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|Safety data sheet (SDS)||A6005|
|Vicianin, laetrile, prunasin, sambunigrin|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
(what is ?)
Amygdalin (from Ancient Greek: ἀμυγδαλή amygdalē "almond") is a naturally occurring chemical compound found in many plants, most notably in the seeds (kernels) of apricots, bitter almonds, apples, peaches, cherries, and plums.
Amygdalin is classified as a cyanogenic glycoside because each amygdalin molecule includes a nitrile group, which can be released as the toxic cyanide anion by the action of a beta-glucosidase. Eating amygdalin will cause it to release cyanide in the human body, and may lead to cyanide poisoning.
Since the early 1950s, both amygdalin and a chemical derivative named laetrile have been promoted as alternative cancer treatments, often under the misnomer vitamin B17 (neither amygdalin nor laetrile is a vitamin). Scientific study has found them to not only be clinically ineffective in treating cancer, but also potentially toxic or lethal when taken by mouth due to cyanide poisoning. The promotion of laetrile to treat cancer has been described in the medical literature as a canonical example of quackery, and as "the slickest, most sophisticated, and certainly the most remunerative cancer quack promotion in medical history".