Andrew Jackson Donelson
American diplomat (1799–1871) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Andrew Jackson Donelson (August 25, 1799 – June 26, 1871) was an American diplomat and politician. He served in various positions as a Democrat and was the Know Nothing nominee for US vice president in 1856.
|United States Minister to Prussia|
July 18, 1846 – November 2, 1849
|President||James K. Polk|
|Preceded by||Henry Wheaton|
|Succeeded by||Edward A. Hannegan|
|United States Chargé d'Affaires to Texas|
November 29, 1844 – August 9, 1845
James K. Polk
|Preceded by||Tilghman Howard|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Born||August 25, 1799|
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
|Died||June 26, 1871 71) (aged|
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
|Know Nothing (1856)|
Constitutional Union (1860)
(m. 1824; died 1836)
Elizabeth Martin Randolph
(m. 1841; died 1871)
|Relatives||Rachel Jackson (paternal aunt/adoptive mother)|
Daniel Smith Donelson (brother)
|Education||University of Nashville|
United States Military Academy (BS)
After the death of his father, Donelson lived with his aunt, Rachel Jackson, and her husband, Andrew Jackson. Donelson attended the U.S. Military Academy and served under his uncle in Florida. He resigned his commission, studied law, passed the bar and began his own practice in Nashville. He assisted Jackson's presidential campaigns and served as his private secretary after Jackson won the 1828 presidential election. He returned to Tennessee after the end of Jackson's presidency in 1837 and remained active in local politics.
After helping James K. Polk triumph at the 1844 Democratic National Convention, Donelson was appointed by U.S. President John Tyler to represent the United States in the Republic of Texas, where Donelson played an important role in the Texas annexation. In 1846, President Polk appointed Donelson as Minister to Prussia. Donelson left that position in 1849 and became the editor of a Democratic newspaper but alienated various factions in the party. In 1856, the Know Nothings chose Donelson as their vice presidential nominee, and he campaigned on a ticket with former Whig President Millard Fillmore. The ticket finished in third place in both the electoral and popular vote, behind the Democratic and the Republican tickets. Donelson also participated in the 1860 Constitutional Union Convention.