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Aparecida

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This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Portuguese. (April 2011) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Portuguese article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 1,345 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Portuguese Wikipedia article at [[:pt:Aparecida (São Paulo)]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|pt|Aparecida (São Paulo))) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Aparecida
Municipality
Aparecida and the Basilica of Our Lady of Aparecida
Aparecida and the Basilica of Our Lady of Aparecida
Flag of Aparecida
Coat of arms of Aparecida
Location in São Paulo state
Location in São Paulo state
Aparecida is located in Brazil
Aparecida
Aparecida
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°50′50″S 45°13′48″W / 22.84722°S 45.23000°W / -22.84722; -45.23000Coordinates: 22°50′50″S 45°13′48″W / 22.84722°S 45.23000°W / -22.84722; -45.23000
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast Brazil
StateSão Paulo
Metropolitan RegionVale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte
Area
 • Total121.08 km2 (46.75 sq mi)
Elevation
542 m (1,778 ft)
Population
 (2020 [1])
 • Total36,185
 • Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (BRST)
Postal code
12570-000
Websitewww.aparecida.sp.gov.br

Aparecida is a Brazilian municipality in the state of São Paulo. It is located in the fertile valley of the River Paraíba do Sul on the southern (right) bank. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte.[2] The population is 36,185 (2020 est.) in an area of 121.08 km².[3] The municipality is sometimes referred as Aparecida do Norte.

History

Once part of the municipality of Guaratinguetá, it was emancipated in 1928.

Geography

Aparecida is located 168 km northeast of São Paulo and 240 km west of Rio de Janeiro.

With an average altitude of 544 meters, and elevations varying from 525 to 620 meters, Aparecida has a hot climate with dry winters. Recorded temperatures are a maximum of 35 °C, a minimum of -1 °C and an average of 22 °C.

Main sights

It is home to and named after the Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida, the patron saint of Brazil, declared so by Pope Pius XI in 1929. Pope Benedict XVI delivered a speech here in May, 2007.

It now depends exclusively on tourism generated by the devotees surrounding the statue of the Virgin. Aparecida receives more than 7 million tourists a year making it the most popular religious pilgrimage site in Latin America.[4]

These pilgrims come to visit the Basilica containing the statue of Our Lady of Aparecida. This statue, thought to have been found in the Paraíba River in October 1717, is made of clay and measures 40 centimeters in height. The dark colour was produced by the years of exposure to candles and lamps around the altar. In 1978 it was attacked and reduced to hundreds of fragments which were meticulously put back together by specialists from the São Paulo Museum of Art.[5]

Aparecida was the source of a proposal endorsed by Pope Francis in 2020 to establish a collaborative ministry among the local churches of the various South American countries in the Amazon basin, with differentiated priorities.[6]

The city has other attractions besides religious buildings, such as a theme park, aquarium, and museums. Among local events are a Festa de Nossa Senhora Aparecida, on 12 October, which attracts more than 100,000 faithful, and a Festa de São Benedito with performances by several traditional groups.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ "Lei Complementar nº 1.166, de 09 de janeiro de 2012". Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  3. ^ "IBGE - Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística". Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  4. ^ Santuário Nacional de Nossa Senhora Aparecida Archived December 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Santuário Nacional de Nossa Senhora Aparecida Archived December 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Querida Amazonia (a post-synodal apostolic exhortation) by Pope Francis, published by the Vatican on 2 February 2020, §97.
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Aparecida
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