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Arch of Titus

Ancient Roman arch, a landmark of Rome, Italy / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Arch of Titus (Italian: Arco di Tito; Latin: Arcus Titi) is a 1st-century AD honorific arch,[1] located on the Via Sacra, Rome, just to the south-east of the Roman Forum. It was constructed in c. AD 81 by Emperor Domitian shortly after the death of his older brother Titus to commemorate Titus's official deification or consecratio and the victory of Titus together with their father, Vespasian, over the Jewish rebellion in Judaea.[2]

Quick facts: Location, Coordinates, Type, History, Builder...
Arch of Titus
The Arch of Titus, showing the "Spoils of Jerusalem" relief on the inside arch
Arch of Titus is located in Rome
Arch of Titus
Arch of Titus
Shown within Augustan Rome
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LocationRegio X Palatium
Coordinates41°53′26.5812″N 12°29′18.906″E
Typehonorific arch
BuilderEmperor Domitian
Foundedc. AD 81

The arch contains panels depicting the triumphal procession celebrated in AD 71 after the Roman victory culminating in the fall of Jerusalem,[2] and provides one of the few contemporary depictions of artifacts from Herod's Temple.[3] Although the panels are not explicitly stated as illustrating this event, they closely parallel the narrative of the Roman procession described a decade prior in Josephus' The Jewish War.[4][5]

It became a symbol of the Jewish diaspora, and the menorah depicted on the arch served as the model for the menorah used as the emblem of the state of Israel.[6]

The arch has provided the general model for many triumphal arches erected since the 16th century. It is the inspiration for the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.[7] It holds an important place in art history, being the focus of Franz Wickhoff's appreciation of Roman art in contrast to the then-prevailing view.[8]