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Ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Armenians (Armenian: հայեր, romanized: hayer, [hɑˈjɛɾ]) are an ethnic group and nation native to the Armenian highlands of West Asia.[44][45][46] Armenians constitute the main population of the Republic of Armenia and the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh. There is a wide-ranging diaspora of around five million people of full or partial Armenian ancestry living outside modern Armenia. The largest Armenian populations today exist in Russia, the United States, France, Georgia, Iran, Germany, Ukraine, Lebanon, Brazil, Syria, and Turkey. The present-day Armenian diaspora was formed mainly as a result of the Armenian genocide with the exceptions of Iran, former Soviet states, and parts of the Levant.[47]


Quick facts: Total population, Regions with significant po...
Հայեր Hayer
Total population
c. 8 million[1] to 11–16 million[2]
Regions with significant populations
Flag_of_Armenia.svg Armenia     2,961,514[3][4]
Flag_of_Russia.svg Russia1,182,388[5]–2,900,000[6]
Flag_of_the_United_States.svg United States1,000,366[7]–1,500,000[8]
Flag_of_France.svg France250,000[9]–750,000[10]
Flag_of_Georgia.svg Georgia
  Flag_of_the_Republic_of_Abkhazia.svg Abkhazia[lower-alpha 1]
Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan
  Flag_of_Artsakh.svg Artsakh[lower-alpha 2]

Flag_of_Lebanon.svg Lebanon150,000[13]
Flag_of_Iran.svg Iran120,000[14]
Flag_of_Germany.svg Germany90,000–110,000[15]
Flag_of_Ukraine.svg Ukraine[lower-alpha 3]100,000 (2001)[16]
Flag_of_Brazil.svg Brazil100,000[17][18]
Flag_of_Greece.svg Greece80,000[19]
Flag_of_Argentina.svg Argentina70,000[20]
Flag_of_Turkey.svg Turkey60,000[21]
300,000–5,000,000 (Hidden Armenians)[22][23]
Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg Canada68,855[24]
Flag_of_Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan50,000–70,000[25]
Flag_of_Poland.svg Poland40,000–80,000[26][27][28]
Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg Belgium40,000[29]
Flag_of_Spain.svg Spain40,000[30]
Flag_of_Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria30,000[31]
Flag_of_Syria.svg Syria[lower-alpha 4]25,000–30,000[32][33]
Flag_of_Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan25,000[34]
Flag_of_Australia_%28converted%29.svg Australia22,526[35]
Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg United Kingdom18,000–20,000[36][37][38]
Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates8,000–10,000[39]
Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg Netherlands5,689[n]–8,374[m] (2021)[40][41]
Flag_of_Israel.svg Israel and Flag_of_Palestine.svg Palestine2,000–10,000[42][43]
Armenian, Armenian Sign
Armenian Apostolic Church · Catholic · Protestant

Armenian Native Faith
Related ethnic groups
Hemshin, Hayhurum, Lom

^ n: by legal nationality
^ m: by nationality, naturalisation and descendant background

Armenian is an Indo-European language.[45][48] It has two mutually intelligible spoken and written forms: Eastern Armenian, today spoken mainly in Armenia, Artsakh, Iran, and the former Soviet republics; and Western Armenian, used in the historical Western Armenia and, after the Armenian genocide, primarily in the Armenian diasporan communities. The unique Armenian alphabet was invented in 405 AD by Mesrop Mashtots.

Most Armenians adhere to the Armenian Apostolic Church, a non-Chalcedonian Christian church, which is also the world's oldest national church. Christianity began to spread in Armenia soon after Jesus' death, due to the efforts of two of his apostles, St. Thaddeus and St. Bartholomew.[49] In the early 4th century, the Kingdom of Armenia became the first state to adopt Christianity as a state religion,[50] followed by the first pilgrimages to the Holy Land where a community established the Armenian Quarter of Old Jerusalem.[42][51]