Armistice of Cassibile

1943 armistice between Italy and the allies / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Armistice of Cassibile[1] was an armistice that was signed on 3 September 1943 between the Kingdom of Italy and the US and UK during World War II. It was made public five days later.

After the signing at Cassibile on 3 September 1943.
From left to right: Kenneth Strong, Giuseppe Castellano, Walter Bedell Smith, and Franco Montanari.

It was signed by Major General Walter Bedell Smith for the Allies and Brigade General Giuseppe Castellano for Italy at a conference of generals from both sides in an Allied military camp at Cassibile, in Sicily, which had recently been occupied by the Allies. The armistice was approved by both Italian King Victor Emmanuel III and Marshal Badoglio, who was the Prime Minister of Italy at the time.

Germany responded by attacking Italian forces in Italy (8–19 September), southern France and the Balkans, and freeing Benito Mussolini (12 September). The Italian forces were quickly defeated, and most of Italy was occupied by German troops, who established a puppet state, the Italian Social Republic. The king, the Italian government, and most of the Navy escaped to territories occupied by the Allies.