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Austro-Prussian War

1866 war in Europe / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Austro-Prussian War, also by many variant names such as Seven Weeks' War, German Civil War, Brothers War or Fraternal War, known in Germany as Deutscher Krieg ("German War"), Deutscher Bruderkrieg (pronounced [ˌdɔʏtʃɐ ˈbʁuːdɐkʁiːk] (Loudspeaker.svglisten); "German war of brothers") and by a variety of other names, was fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation. Prussia had also allied with the Kingdom of Italy, linking this conflict to the Third Independence War of Italian unification. The Austro-Prussian War was part of the wider rivalry between Austria and Prussia, and resulted in Prussian dominance over the German states.

Quick facts: Austro-Prussian War, Date, Location, Result, ...
Austro-Prussian War
Part of the wars of German unification and the Austria–Prussia rivalry
An oil painting of a battlefield, with several mounted cavalry in black; an indistinct city burning on the horizon.
Battle of Königgrätz, by Georg Bleibtreu. Oil on canvas, 1869
Date14 June – 22 July 1866
(1 month and 8 days)
Bohemia, present-day Germany, Italy, and Adriatic Sea

Prussian-led German states and Italian victory


Prussian-led German states

Kingdom of Italy Italy

Flag_of_the_German_Confederation_%28war%29.svg Austrian-led German Confederation states

Commanders and leaders



Casualties and losses
Total: 39,990[3]
  • Flag_of_the_Kingdom_of_Prussia_%281803-1892%29.svg Prussia: 28,793
    • 4,454 battle deaths
    • 6,427 disease deaths
    • 16,217 wounded
    • 785 missing
    • 910 captured
  • Flag_of_Italy_%281861-1946%29_crowned.svg Italy: 11,197
    • 1,633 battle deaths
    • 3,926 wounded
    • 553 missing
    • 5,085 captured
Total: 132,414[2]
  • Flag_of_the_Habsburg_Monarchy.svg Austria: 106,796
    • 9,123 battle deaths
    • 18,952 disease deaths
    • 35,236 wounded
    • 12,365 missing
    • 31,120 captured
  • Flag_of_Hanover_1837-1866.svg Hanover: 17,693
    • 379 battle deaths
    • 1,051 wounded
    • 16,263 captured or missing
  • Flag_of_Bavaria_%28striped%29.svg Bavaria: 3,840
    • 348 battle deaths
    • 2,095 wounded
    • 1,397 captured or missing
  • Flagge_K%C3%B6nigreich_Sachsen_%281815-1918%29.svg Saxony: 2,094
    • 241 battle deaths
    • 1,273 wounded
    • 580 captured or missing
  • Flagge_Gro%C3%9Fherzogtum_Hessen_ohne_Wappen.svg Hesse: 1,078
    • 88 battle deaths
    • 444 wounded
    • 546 captured or missing
  • Flagge_K%C3%B6nigreich_W%C3%BCrttemberg.svg Württemberg: 717
    • 67 battle deaths
    • 452 wounded
    • 198 captured or missing
  • Flag_of_Baden_1862.svg Baden: 196
    • 24 battle deaths
    • 115 wounded
    • 57 captured or missing

The major result of the war was a shift in power among the German states away from Austrian and towards Prussian hegemony. It resulted in the abolition of the German Confederation and its partial replacement by the unification of all of the northern German states in the North German Confederation that excluded Austria and the other Southern German states, a Kleindeutsches Reich. The war also resulted in the Italian annexation of the Austrian province of Venetia.