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Barclays (/ˈbɑːrkliz, -lz/) is a British multinational universal bank, headquartered in London, England. Barclays operates as two divisions, Barclays UK and Barclays International, supported by a service company, Barclays Execution Services.[3]

Quick facts: Type, Traded as, ISIN, Industry, Founded...
Barclays plc
TypePublic limited company
Founded17 November 1690; 332 years ago (1690-11-17) in the City of London, Kingdom of England
London, England, UK
Key people
Nigel Higgins
(Group Chairman)
C. S. Venkatakrishnan
(Group Chief Executive)
Revenue £21.940 billion (2021)[1]
£8.414 billion (2021)[1]
£7.226 billion (2021)[1]
Total assets £1.384 trillion (2021)[1]
Total equity £70.211 billion (2021)[1]
Number of employees
83,500 (2021)[2]
  • Barclays UK
  • Barclays International

Barclays traces its origins to the goldsmith banking business established in the City of London in 1690.[4] James Barclay became a partner in the business in 1736. In 1896, twelve banks in London and the English provinces, including Goslings Bank, Backhouse's Bank and Gurney, Peckover and Company, united as a joint-stock bank under the name Barclays and Co. Over the following decades, Barclays expanded to become a nationwide bank. In 1967, Barclays deployed the world's first cash dispenser. Barclays has made numerous corporate acquisitions, including of London, Provincial and South Western Bank in 1918, British Linen Bank in 1919, Mercantile Credit in 1975, the Woolwich in 2000 and the North American operations of Lehman Brothers in 2008.[5]

Barclays has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange. It is considered a systemically important bank by the Financial Stability Board.[6] According to a 2011 paper, Barclays was the most powerful transnational corporation in terms of ownership and thus corporate control over global financial stability and market competition, with Axa and State Street Corporation taking the 2nd and 3rd positions, respectively.[7][8] Barclays operates in over 40 countries, employs over 80,000 people and is the fifth largest bank in Europe by total assets.[9] Barclays is Europe's largest funder of fossil fuel companies.

Barclays UK comprises the British retail banking operations, consumer credit card business, wealth management business, and corporate banking for small, medium and large-sized businesses in the UK.[10] Barclays International consists of Barclays Corporate and Investment Bank (formerly known as Barclays Capital) and the Consumer, Cards & Payments business. The investment banking business provides advisory, financing and risk management services to large companies, institutions and government clients. It is a primary dealer in Gilts, U.S. Treasury securities and various European Government bonds.