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Barunga Gap, South Australia

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Barunga Gap
South Australia
Barunga Gap
Barunga Gap
Coordinates33°49′35″S 138°07′27″E / 33.82647082°S 138.12410021°E / -33.82647082; 138.12410021Coordinates: 33°49′35″S 138°07′27″E / 33.82647082°S 138.12410021°E / -33.82647082; 138.12410021
Postcode(s)5520
LGA(s)Wakefield Regional Council
RegionMid North
CountyDaly
State electorate(s)Narungga[1]
Federal division(s)Grey
Localities around Barunga Gap:
Wokurna Wokurna Snowtown
Bute Barunga Gap Snowtown
Bute
Ninnes
Lochiel Bumbunga
Plan of the Hundred of Cameron in 1964 showing the surveyed town of Barunga Gap at top left, later named Percyton
Plan of the Hundred of Cameron in 1964 showing the surveyed town of Barunga Gap at top left, later named Percyton

Barunga Gap is a locality in South Australia about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south west of Snowtown.[2] Barunga Gap was named in reference to the co-located pass between the Barunga Range to the north and Hummock Range to the south. The word 'Barunga' derives from an indigenous term meaning "gap in the range".[3] See Barunga Range § Etymology

Barunga Gap was a station between Bute and Snowtown on the Kadina-Brinkworth railway line (1879-1990).

History

Robert Barr Smith, the rich and influential new owner of the Hummocks Run,[4] arrived in the locality accompanied by surveyors in February 1870.[5][6][7] The first paved road to Kadina was completed at Barunga Gap in 1874,[8] and a railway was connected from Kadina in 1878.[9]

The railway line from Kadina to Barunga Gap was begun in approximately August 1877[10] by day labour and piecework, to afford employment for the miners thrown out of work on the (Yorke) Peninsula. The completion of this contract was expected by December 31,1878.

The railway allowed Barr Smith to ship his massive wool exports directly to the Elders & Fyffes cargo ships at Wallaroo[11] for auction in England, and surrounding farmers and graziers to use the port at Wallaroo instead of Port Wakefield, which was shallow and required transshipment to waiting shipping using small boats.

A government town was surveyed in 1879 at Barunga Gap and proclaimed as Percyton in 1880.[12] Later the name was changed to the current designation.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Narungga (Map). Electoral District Boundaries Commission. 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Search for 'Barunga Gap, LOCB'". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. SA0005041. Retrieved 23 June 2017. Derivation of Name: Barunga Gap (pass); Other Details: Town surveyed in November 1879. Originally proclaimed as Percyton on 15/1/1880. Name approved by Nomenclature Committee to reduce dual locality name. Boundaries created on 21 January 2000 for long established name. Incorporates the Government Town of Barunga Gap.
  3. ^ "Search for 'Hundred of Barunga, HD'". Property Location Browser. Land Services, Government of South Australia. SA0005062. Retrieved 23 June 2017. Derivation of Name: ABNA for gap in the range
  4. ^ South Australian Register, Tue 27 Sep 1864 Page 3. "HUMMOCKS RUN". Trove. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  5. ^ The South Australian Advertiser, Fri 7 Jan 1870 Page 2. "GOVERNMENT LAND SALE". Trove. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  6. ^ Ruwolt, Jon. "Robert Barr Smith". Snowtown Museum. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  7. ^ The South Australian Advertiser, Thu 24 Feb 1870 Page 3. "HUMMOCKS, FEBRUARY 21". Trove. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  8. ^ Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser and Miners' News, Fri 24 Jul 1874 Page 2. "Road Meeting at Kadina". Trove. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  9. ^ South Australian Register, Tue 1 Jan 1878 Page 6. "PROGRESS OF RAILWAYS AND OTHER PUBLIC WORKS DURING THE YEAR 1877". Trove. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  10. ^ South Australian Register, Tue 1 Jan 1878 Page 6. "PROGRESS OF RAILWAYS AND OTHER PUBLIC WORKS DURING THE YEAR 1877". Trove. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  11. ^ Ruwolt, Jon. "Robert Barr Smith". Snowtown Museum. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  12. ^ "Proclamations—Reserve for Town of Percyton" (PDF), South Australian Government Gazette (3 ed.), 1880: 108, 15 January 1880, retrieved 23 June 2017, Town of Percyton: Commencing at a point being the production northerly of the western boundary of section 168, Hundred of Cameron, for about 3,391 links; thence westerly at an angle of 82° 58' for 807 links; thence southerly at right angles for 600 links; thence westerly at right angles for 2.650 links; thence northerly at right angles for 3,400 links; thence easterly at right angles for 2,650 links; thence southerly at right angles for 600 links; thence easterly at right angles for 1,100 links; thence southerly at right angles for 2,200 links; thence westerly at right angles for 293 links to the point of commencement, exclusive of reserve for railway purposes.


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Barunga Gap, South Australia
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