Capital of Northern Ireland / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Belfast (/ˈbɛlfæst/ BEL-fast, /-fɑːst/ -fahst;[lower-alpha 1] from Irish: Béal Feirste [bʲeːlˠ ˈfʲɛɾˠ(ə)ʃtʲə], meaning "mouth of the sand-bank ford"[5]) is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, standing on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast. It is the 10th-largest primary urban area in the United Kingdom[6] and the second-largest city in the island of Ireland. Belfast City had a population of 293,298 in 2021.[4] The population of its metropolitan area was 671,559 in 2011,[2] and the Belfast Local Government District had a population 345,418 in 2021.[3]

Quick facts: .plainlist ol,.mw-pa...
Capital city
Skyline and buildings throughout the City of Belfast
Coat of arms with motto "Pro Tanto Quid Retribuamus" (Latin: "What shall we give in return for so much")
Belfast is located in Northern Ireland
Belfast is located in the United Kingdom
Location within Northern Ireland
Belfast is located in Northern Ireland
Belfast (Northern Ireland)
Area51.16[1] sq mi (132.5 km2)
PopulationMetropolitan area:
671,559 (2011)[2]
Local Government District:
345,418 (2021)[3]
City Limits:
293,298 (2021)[4]
Irish grid referenceJ338740
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBELFAST
Postcode districtBT1–BT17, BT29 (part), BT36 (part), BT58
Dialling code028
PoliceNorthern Ireland
FireNorthern Ireland
AmbulanceNorthern Ireland
UK Parliament
NI Assembly Edit this at Wikidata
List of places
Northern Ireland
54°35′47″N 05°55′48″W

By the early 19th century, Belfast was a major port. It played an important role in the Industrial Revolution in Ireland, briefly becoming the biggest linen-producer in the world, earning it the nickname "Linenopolis".[7] By the time it was granted city status in 1888, it was a major centre of Irish linen production, tobacco-processing and rope-making. Shipbuilding was also a key industry; the Harland & Wolff shipyard, which built the RMS Titanic and SS Canberra, was the world's largest shipyard.[8] Industrialisation, and the resulting inward migration,[9] made Belfast one of Ireland's biggest cities. Following the partition of Ireland in 1921, Belfast became the seat of government for Northern Ireland. There was major communal violence in the city during partition. Belfast saw further severe violence and numerous bombings during the thirty years of the Troubles, c.1969–1998, and parts of the city remain segregated between Catholics and Protestants.

Belfast is still a port with commercial and industrial docks, including the Harland & Wolff shipyard, dominating the Belfast Lough shoreline. It also has a major aerospace industry. It is served by two airports: George Best Belfast City Airport, 3 miles (5 kilometres) from the city centre, and Belfast International Airport 15 miles (24 kilometres) west of the city.

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