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Benares State

Indian kingdom and later princely state (1740–1948) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Benares or Banaras State was a kingdom and later princely state in what is today Uttar Pradesh, India. On 15 October 1948, Benares' last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union.[1]

Quick facts: Benares State, Capital, Religion , Maharaja B...
Benares State
Flag of Kashi-Benares
Coat of arms of Kashi-Benares
Coat of arms
Benares State (in red) in India 1940 (in green)
Benares State (in red) in India 1940 (in green)
Benares State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
Benares State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
CapitalBenares (Kashi)
Hinduism (official)
Maharaja Bahadur 
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Alam_of_the_Mughal_Empire.svg Mughal Empire
Flag_of_Awadh.svg Oudh State
Blank.png Chero dynasty
Indian Union Flag_of_India.svg
Today part ofVaranasi division of Uttar Pradesh, India
Raja Chait Singh of Benares State
The Maharaja's Fort and palace in Ramnagar
Maharaja of Benares with his courtiers in the 1870s

The state was founded by the local zamindar, Raja Balwant Singh, who assumed the title of "Raja of Benares" in mid 18th century, taking advantage of the Mughal Empire's disintegration. His descendants ruled the area around Benares after liberation from awadh and as feudatories East India Company. In 1910, Benares became a full-fledged state of India.[2] The state was merged in India after India's independence in 1947, but even today the Kashi Naresh (the titular ruler) is highly respected by the people of Varanasi. The Ruler of Benaras was the state’s religious head and the people of Benares considered him to have been ordained the throne of Kashi by Lord Shiva (making him Kashi Naresh by proxy). He was also the chief cultural patron and an essential part of all religious celebrations. In 1948, the 88th ruler of Kashi Sir Vibhuti Narayan Singh accepted the request of the first Indian Prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru and signed the accession to the Indian Union.[1]