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City and municipality in Vestland, Norway / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Bergen (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈbæ̀rɡn̩] (Loudspeaker.svglisten)), historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Vestland county on the west coast of Norway. As of 2021, its population is roughly 285,900.[2] Bergen is the second-largest city in Norway. The municipality covers 465 square kilometres (180 sq mi) and is on the peninsula of Bergenshalvøyen. The city centre and northern neighbourhoods are on Byfjorden, 'the city fjord', and the city is surrounded by mountains; Bergen is known as the "city of seven mountains". Many of the extra-municipal suburbs are on islands. Bergen is the administrative centre of Vestland county. The city consists of eight boroughs: Arna, Bergenhus, Fana, Fyllingsdalen, Laksevåg, Ytrebygda, Årstad, and Åsane.

Quick facts: Bergen, Country, Region, County, District...
Bergen is located in Norway
Location of Bergen
Bergen is located in Vestland
Bergen (Vestland)
Bergen is located in Europe
Bergen (Europe)
Coordinates: 60°23′22″N 5°19′48″E
CountryFlag_of_Norway.svg Norway
RegionWestern Norway
Establishedbefore 1070
  MayorRune Bakervik (Ap)
  Governing mayorRoger Valhammer (Ap)
  City and municipality464.71 km2 (179.43 sq mi)
  Land444.99 km2 (171.81 sq mi)
  Water19.72 km2 (7.61 sq mi)  4.2%
94.03 km2 (36.31 sq mi)
2,755 km2 (1,064 sq mi)
Highest elevation
987 m (3,238 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (31 December 2022)
  City and municipality289,330 Increase
Postal code
5003–5268 ( 5802–5899)
Area code(+47) 5556
Bergen kommune
Official logo of Bergen kommune
Bergen within Vestland
Bergen within Vestland
Established1 January 1838
Administrative centreBergen
Official language
  Norwegian formNeutral
ISO 3166 codeNO-4601

Trading in Bergen may have started as early as the 1020s. According to tradition, the city was founded in 1070 by King Olav Kyrre and was named Bjørgvin, 'the green meadow among the mountains'. It served as Norway's capital in the 13th century, and from the end of the 13th century became a bureau city of the Hanseatic League. Until 1789, Bergen enjoyed exclusive rights to mediate trade between Northern Norway and abroad and it was the largest city in Norway until the 1830s when it was overtaken by the capital, Christiania (now known as Oslo). What remains of the quays, Bryggen, is a World Heritage Site. The city was hit by numerous fires over the years. The Bergen School of Meteorology was developed at the Geophysical Institute starting in 1917, the Norwegian School of Economics was founded in 1936, and the University of Bergen in 1946. From 1831 to 1972, Bergen was its own county. In 1972 the municipality absorbed four surrounding municipalities and became a part of Hordaland county.

The city is an international center for aquaculture, shipping, the offshore petroleum industry and subsea technology, and a national centre for higher education, media, tourism and finance. Bergen Port is Norway's busiest in terms of both freight and passengers, with over 300 cruise ship calls a year bringing nearly a half a million passengers to Bergen,[3] a number that has doubled in 10 years.[4] Almost half of the passengers are German or British.[4] The city's main football team is SK Brann and a unique tradition of the city is the buekorps. Natives speak a distinct dialect, known as Bergensk. The city features Bergen Airport, Flesland and Bergen Light Rail, and is the terminus of the Bergen Line. Four large bridges connect Bergen to its suburban municipalities.

Bergen has a mild winter climate, though with a lot of precipitation. From December to March, Bergen can, in rare cases, be up to 20 °C warmer than Oslo, even though both cities are at about 60° North. The Gulf Stream keeps the sea relatively warm, considering the latitude, and the mountains protect the city from cold winds from the north, north-east and east.