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|Died||21 January 2011 (aged 81)|
Betty Smith (6 July 1929 – 21 January 2011) was an English jazz saxophonist and singer. She began playing the saxophone at the age of nine and left school six years later to perform with the travelling all-female septet Archie's Juveniles. She performed in the Middle East in 1947 and flew to Germany the following year. Smith and her husband Jack Peberdy joined Freddy Randall's band in 1950 before leaving seven years later to form their own quintet. Her time with Randall saw her travel the United States with some success in the country's hit parade. Her newly formed quintet found regular work and Smith later performed with the Ted Heath Orchestra and alongside Kenny Baker. Her career ended in 1985 and did not recover sufficiently to resume performing.
Smith was born on 6 July 1929 in Sileby, Leicestershire. She began studying the piano from the age of six and started to play the saxophone (purchased by her father Gerald) three years later. Smith's talent was noticed by a local village resident who paid for her education fees to allow her to attend the private Stoneygate School in Leicester. She began to play jazz in her teenage years, and she performed in local clubs, leading to reprimands by her headmistress. Smith left school when she was 15, and at the prompting of her father, auditioned for the travelling all-female saxophone septet Archie's Juveniles. Following performances for troops in the Middle East in 1947 with the pianist Billy Penrose, which saw her tour bus attacked, she toured with an all-female band led by Rudy Starita and flew to Germany to perform for officials taking time off from the Nuremberg trials.
Smith later joined the Ivy Benson Orchestra in 1948 and flew into Berlin to perform for troops when the city's blockade started. She married the trumpeter Jack Peberdy in August 1950 (after being introduced to him by her father at the saxophonist's 19th birthday party). Smith joined Freddy Randall's band the same year, and she and her husband worked full-time for the trumpeter from 1953 to February 1957. In 1956, the band travelled to the United States, in exchange for the visit of Louis Armstrong to the United Kingdom. Racial tensions were high in the era and in one theatre in North Carolina where she was performing the band was evacuated because of a bomb. Smith toured with the same programme as Bill Haley & His Comets, and found some success when her recording of Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered reached the American hit parade, garnering admiration with some of the country's famous musicians. Smith was voted one of Britain's best tenor-saxophone players in a 1957 Melody Maker poll.
That same year, Randall became ill and disbanded the group, leading Smith and Peberdy to form their own quintet which included the pianist Brian Lemon. With Smith leading, the couple toured as support acts for the comedian Tony Hancock; Smith enlivened Hancock by performing "Abide with Me" out of tune. She found work into the summer seasons with visits to Guernsey and Cliftonville, and the band were residents on the SS Franconia. The band toured Australia and New Zealand, performed in the United States, made regular broadcasts on television and radio, and she had her own programme on Radio Luxembourg. The quintet was disbanded in 1964. Smith played and sang with the Ted Heath Orchestra, and at this period of time, was now appearing in clubs and festivals in a solo capacity in Europe.
Her high quality performances led her to working with the trumpet virtuoso Kenny Baker and the two worked alongside each other for the rest of her career. A sextet called "The Best of British Jazz" was formed in the 1970s when two former Ted Heath musicians, trombonist Don Lusher and drummer Jack Parnell joined her and Baker. The band recorded two albums, including Exactly Like You in 1981.
Smith appeared with Eggy Ley's Hotshots in the 1980s and was seen performing at several jazz festivals. The band ceased playing in 1985 when Smith became ill and Peberdy cared for her with the couple returning to Sileby in 1988. Smith had not recovered sufficiently when Baker reformed the band in 1992 but continued to play the piano the week before her death on 21 January 2011 at Baron Court's Nursing Home in Kirby Muxloe, Leicester. Peberdy survived her. Smith's funeral was held on 4 February at Loughborough Crematorium.
- Double Shuffle (1957)
- Bewitched/Hand Jive (1958)
- My Foolish Heart (1958)
- Vacher, Peter (9 March 2011). "Betty Smith obituary; Trailblazing female tenor saxophonist and vocalist". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- Skrimshire, Neil (20 January 2003). "Smith, Betty". Grove Music Online (8th ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.J414400.
- Chilton, John (2004). "Smith, Betty". Who's Who of British Jazz. Continuum International Publishing. pp. 333–334. ISBN 978-0-8264-7234-2.
- "Betty, 'the girl with sax appeal,' dies aged 81". Leicester Mercury. 29 January 2011.
- Voce, Steve (28 January 2011). "Betty Smith: Saxophonist and singer hailed for her improvisational panache". The Independent. Archived from the original on 24 February 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- Newnes, G. (1958). "Lady Saxophonist". Radio Times. 139: 5. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- "Betty Smith". The Times. -London. 9 February 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2020. (subscription required)
- "The Best of British Jazz". donlusher.com. Archived from the original on 21 June 2012. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
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