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Beyond Victory

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Beyond Victory
Title card for the film
Directed byJohn Robertson[1]
Produced byE. B. Derr[2]
Written byHorace Jackson[2]
James Gleason[2]
StarringBill Boyd
James Gleason
Lew Cody
ZaSu Pitts
Music byFrancis Groman[3]
CinematographyNorbert Brodine
Edited byDaniel Mandell
Production
company
Release date
  • April 12, 1931 (1931-04-12) (US)[3]
Running time
70 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

Beyond Victory is a 1931 American pre-Code war film starring Bill Boyd, James Gleason, Lew Cody, and ZaSu Pitts. While John Robertson received directing credit, Edward H. Griffith supposedly took extensive re-takes after production ended and the film was deemed not audience ready. Two actresses with major roles in the original version were completely cut from the final release, Helen Twelvetrees and June Collyer. The original screenplay was written by Horace Jackson and James Gleason. While the film might not have made a profit at the box office, it was well received by critics.

Plot

On the Western Front during World War I, an American battalion advances to the French town of Nevremont, where it is outflanked. Sergeant Bill Thatcher (Bill Boyd) is left in charge of a small rear guard of four men to cover the battalion's retreat before it is cut off. During heavy shelling, Bill tries to comfort his men after each is wounded. The first, "Bud" (Russell Gleason), relates his story of how he joined the military, leaving the family farm to enlist, despite his mother's pleas for him not to become involved in foreign conflicts. As he finishes his story, he dies.

The second doughboy, Lew Cavanaugh (Lew Cody), is a New York playboy who used enlistment as a way to have a final night of pleasure with one of his conquests, never realizing that he would die on a French battlefield. The third American, the unsoldierly Jim Mobley (James Gleason), is not as badly wounded as the other two soldiers and tells his story of his wife's displeasure after he announces his intention to enlist and his own consternation at his inability explain to her why. Thatcher then relates his own story, where he was engaged to a German immigrant back in the United States but did not wed her due to their differences over the "Great War".

Shortly after, the Germans attack again, during which Bill and Jim defend their position and blow up a bridge to cover the retreat of their battalion, but are badly wounded. A German soldier tries to bayonet the unconscious Bill but is stopped by another soldier. Both are captured and sent to a German hospital, where Bill is discovered by his erstwhile fiancé, Katherine (Lissi Arna). She saves his life by persuading the German doctor to allow Bill, slowly bleeding to death but not allowed a transfusion because too many German patients are in need of one, to be transfused with her blood. After the armistice, with Bill recovered and decorated along with Jim for the defense of Nevremont, they celebrate the end of the fighting with Katherine.

Cast

(Cast list as per AFI database)[3]

Production

The film was announced as part of Pathé's 30-picture schedule for 1930–31 in February 1930.[4][5] It was considered the premier film of Pathé's schedule for the season.[6][7] Boyd was attached to the project by the end of February, as part of his new deal with Pathé, in which he would only appear in Pathé "specials". Beyond Victory was to be the first film of that new deal.[8] James Gleason was added to the cast in a featured role in March 1930.[9] It was the first film for Gleason under his new exclusive long-term contract with Pathé.[10] At the same time, it was revealed that John Robinson would be helming the film.[11] Robert Armstrong was attached to the picture in early April.[12] Also in early April, it was announced that Mauri Grashin had been signed as screenwriter to a long-term contract by Pathé, and Beyond Victory would be his first project.[13] In June 1930, it was reported that Dorothy Burgess had been signed for a featured role in the film,[14] and Zasu Pitts involvement with the picture as a knife-throwing entertainer was revealed, along with James Gleason's participation.[15] In mid-June, Charles O'Loughlin was announced as the sound engineer on the project,[16] although the final version included work from four sound engineers. The Film Daily reported that the film's producer, E.B. Derr, in conjunction with the director, John Robertson, took an unusual step and had each sequence in the film written by a different screenwriter. The writers included James Seymour, James Gleason, Lynn Riggs, Thomas Lennon, Mauri Grashin, and Garret Fort.[17] The concept was to have five independent stories intertwined around a central theme.[18] In Glason's adaptation, he wrote a role into the final version of the script for himself.[19] By early May pre-production on the film was almost completed.[18] And production on the film had begun by the middle of May.[20][21] Also in May, the film was scheduled to be released on July 13, 1930.[22]

In early June, Robert Armstrong was replaced by Lew Cody. Armstrong was delayed on the production of Railroad Man.[23] By June 15, 1930, the cast had grown to include William Boyd, Fred Scott, James Gleason, Russell Gleason, June Collyer, Helen Twelvetrees, Zasu Pitts, Purnell Pratt, and Bert Roach.[24][25] The following week, Richard Tucker was added to the cast.[26] Production on the film was almost complete by the end of June.[27] On June 26, the final cast list was reported. Additions to the cast were: William Holden, E.H. Calvert, Fred Walton, Wade Boteler, Rockliffe Fellowes, Helen Baxter, George Stone, Elinor Millard, Ed Deering, Bert Sprotte, Conrad Seidemann, Paul Weigle, and Charles Giblyn.[28] Millard was a stage actress, and this movie was her film debut.[29] In addition to the unusual script development strategy used by Pathé, they also employed a U.S. Army Colonel, Frank S. Long, as a technical advisor on the film.[18][30] A new type of silencer for the camera was employed on the picture, allowing a close-up of Boyd's hand signing a document to pick up the pen's scratching noise on the paper.[31] The film included actual war footage from Pathé's film library, which at the time had one of the most extensive collections of World War I footage.[32] While the film's main cinematography was done by Norbert Brodine, William Dietz was hired to do some special trick photography.[33]

By July 11, 1930, production on the film was completed.[34] By the end of the month, the picture was in the editing room.[35] However, on July 23 it was announced that the film was being shelved for the time being, with portions to be re-shot.[36] By August 21, the film was being advertised in major industry journals.[37] In the released version of the film, scenes with Helen Twelvetrees and June Collyer were completely cut.[38] In October it was announced that the film was scheduled for release on November 30,[39] with the film undergoing some large re-shoots under the direction of E.H. Griffith.[40] However, the film went back into the editing room in early December.[41] The film's release date was eventually pushed back to be included in the 1931 release schedule.[42] Pathé cut its planned 20 films for the 1930–31 schedule to 9, with Beyond Victory scheduled as the last of the nine. The reason cited was Pathé's acquisition by RKO Pictures.[43] Beyond Victory was one of three Pathé films which were purchased outright by RKO.[44]

Reception

The reviews of the film were mixed. The Film Daily called it a "Fairly good war drama", highlighting the good performance of Marion Shilling.[45] However, the magazine issued a retraction a short time later, noting that they meant to compliment the acting work of Lissi Arna, not Shilling.[46] This sentiment was echoed by the Motion Picture Magazine, which called it a "War picture to talk about...."[47] On the other hand, the Motion Picture Herald, described it as a "mixed-up affair, pacifist in theme, and in acting, story, direction and other departments woefully amateurish."[48]

Notes

Despite her scenes being cut, Helen Twelvetrees was part of a tie-in marketing campaign of the film and Outdoor Girl Face Powder.[49] Richard Tucker, playing an American officer overseas in World War I was an actual officer in the American Expeditionary Force during the war.[50] James Gleason was also an army veteran, having served during the Spanish–American War.[51] Schilling's work on the film garnered her a long-term contract with Pathé.[52] Bill Boyd was married to Dorothy Sebastian during the filming of the picture, with the couple delaying their honeymoon until the Spring of 1931.[53]

References

  1. ^ "Beyond Victory, Credits". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on September 16, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Beyond Victory: Technical Details". theiapolis.com. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "Beyond Victory: Detail View". American Film Institute. Archived from the original on April 2, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  4. ^ "30 Features 450 Shorts from Pathe this Year". The Film Daily. February 12, 1930. p. 9. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  5. ^ "Pathe Starts on First Picture of New Special Sked". Inside Facts of Stage and Screen. February 22, 1930. p. 15. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  6. ^ "No Pathe Merger On, Says Joseph P. Kennedy". The Film Daily. April 22, 1930. p. 7. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  7. ^ "Pathe Engages John Robertson". Hollywood Filmograph. March 8, 1930. p. 16. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  8. ^ "William Boyd to Appear in Pathe Specials Only". The Film Daily. February 23, 1930. p. 4. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  9. ^ "James Gleason in "Beyond Victory"". The Film Daily. March 18, 1930. p. 7. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  10. ^ ""Jimmy" Gleason Signed on Pathe Contract". Motion Picture News. March 22, 1930. p. 24. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  11. ^ "Pathe Signs Robertson". Motion Picture News. March 15, 1930. p. 24. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  12. ^ "Two More for Armstrong". The Film Daily. April 1, 1930. p. 6. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  13. ^ Ralph Wilk (April 9, 1930). "A Little from "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 5. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  14. ^ "D. Burgess in "Beyond Victory"". The Film Daily. June 8, 1930. p. 4. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  15. ^ Phil M. Daly (June 11, 1930). "Along the Rialto". The Film Daily. p. 7. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  16. ^ Ralph Wilk (June 12, 1930). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 6. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  17. ^ "Pathe Tests New Method of Preparing Film Script". The Film Daily. June 13, 1930. p. 6. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  18. ^ a b c "Robertson Ready to Start 'Beyond Victory'". Hollywood Filmograph. May 3, 1930. p. 22. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  19. ^ "News and Gossip". Motion Picture Magazine. April 1931. p. 94.
  20. ^ "John Robertson". Hollywood Filmograph. May 31, 1930. p. 17. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  21. ^ "Start Pathe Comedy". Hollywood Filmograph. May 24, 1930. p. 9. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  22. ^ "Complete Release Chart: RKO Features". Motion Picture News. May 3, 1930. p. 120. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  23. ^ "Hollywood Bulletin". Variety. June 11, 1930. p. 31. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  24. ^ Ralph Wilks (June 15, 1930). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 4. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  25. ^ "Briefly Told News: Pathe Signs Cody". Motion Picture News. June 14, 1930. p. 84. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  26. ^ Ralph Wilks (June 19, 1930). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 6. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  27. ^ "Pathe Re-entering Serial Field with 5 Planned". The Film Daily. June 20, 1930. p. 4. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  28. ^ ""Beyond Victory" Fully Cast". The Film Daily. June 26, 1930. p. 4. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  29. ^ Phil M. Daly (July 8, 1930). "Along the Rialto". The Film Daily. p. 3. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  30. ^ Phil M. Daly (July 24, 1930). "Along the Rialto". The Film Daily. p. 5. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  31. ^ Phil M. Daly (September 24, 1930). "Along the Rialto". The Film Daily. p. 4. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  32. ^ "World War Prologue to "Victory"". The Film Daily. February 6, 1931. p. 10. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  33. ^ Ralph Wilks (February 16, 1931). "A Little from "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 6. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  34. ^ ""Beyond Victory" Finished". The Film Daily. July 11, 1930. p. 6. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  35. ^ ""Beyond Victory" in Cutting Room". The Film Daily. July 25, 1930. p. 11. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  36. ^ "Pathe Shelves Film, "Beyond Victory"". Variety. July 23, 1930. p. 5. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  37. ^ "Beyond Victory". The Film Daily. July 25, 1930. pp. 9–10. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  38. ^ Jewell, Richard B.; Harbin, Vernon (1982). The RKO Story. New York: Arlington House. p. 34. ISBN 0-517-546566.
  39. ^ "Three Pathe Specials for November Release". The Film Daily. October 22, 1930. p. 8. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  40. ^ "Insiders Outlook: Boosting the Nut". Motion Picture News. November 22, 1930. p. 26. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  41. ^ "6 Features and 6 Shorts in the Works at Pathe". The Film Daily. December 7, 1930. p. 4. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  42. ^ "Derr Urges Keeping Pace with Improving Tastes". The Film Daily. January 2, 1931. p. 2. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  43. ^ "Pathe Delivering Only 9 of 20 Under Old Regime". The Film Daily. March 6, 1931. p. 1. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  44. ^ "Announcement". The Film Daily. March 19, 1931. p. 9. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  45. ^ ""Beyond Victory" with Bill Boyd". The Film Daily. April 12, 1931. p. 32.
  46. ^ "Where Credit is Due". The Film Daily. April 29, 1931. p. 7.
  47. ^ "The Picture Parade". Motion Picture Magazine. June 1931. p. 60.
  48. ^ "Beyond Victory". Motion Picture Herald. April 18, 1931. p. 40.
  49. ^ "National Magazine Tieup for Pathe". The Film Daily. September 22, 1930. p. 7. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  50. ^ Ralph Wilk (October 23, 1930). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 9. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  51. ^ Ralph Wilk (October 24, 1930). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 8. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  52. ^ Ralph Wilk (December 26, 1930). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 7. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
  53. ^ Ralph Wilk (March 8, 1931). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 4. Retrieved February 15, 2018.open access
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