Town and civil parish in County Durham, England / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Bishop Auckland (/ˈbɪʃəp ˈɔːklənd/) is a market town and civil parish at the confluence of the River Wear and the River Gaunless in County Durham, northern England. It is 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Darlington and 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Durham.
Bishop Auckland Town Hall
• Civil parish
|• Built-up area||26,050|
|OS grid reference||NZ208294|
|• London||227 mi (365 km) SbE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||BISHOP AUCKLAND|
|Fire||County Durham and Darlington|
Much of the town's early history surrounds the Bishops of Durham and the establishment of Auckland Castle's predecessor, a hunting lodge, which became the main residence of Durham Bishops. This is reflected in the first part of the town's name. During the Industrial Revolution, the town grew rapidly as coal mining took hold as an important industry. Decline in the coal mining industry during the late twentieth century has changed the largest sector of employment to manufacturing.
Since 1 April 2009, the town's local authority has been Durham County Council. The unitary authority replaced the previous Wear Valley District and Durham County councils. The parliamentary constituency of Bishop Auckland is named after the town. The town is twinned with the French town of Ivry-sur-Seine.