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Bishop Auckland

Town and civil parish in County Durham, England / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Bishop Auckland (/ˈɔːk.lənd/ AWK-lənd) is a market town and civil parish at the confluence of the River Wear and the River Gaunless in County Durham, England. It is 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Darlington and 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Durham.

Quick facts: Bishop Auckland, Population • Civil parish, •...
Bishop Auckland
A square with three deciduous trees visible in the foreground. At the back of the square is the Town Hall, a neo-gothic style building. The town hall has two visible stories externally, together with a pitched roof with a number of dormers. In the centre of the roof area is a spire with a clock at its base. To the right of the Town hall is St Anne's church. The front of the church has a cylindrical cone spire.
Bishop Auckland is located in County Durham
Bishop Auckland
Bishop Auckland
Location within County Durham
Civil parish
(2011 census)
• Town24,908[2]
• Built-up area26,050[3]
OS grid referenceNZ208294
 London227 mi (365 km) SbE
Civil parish
  • Bishop Auckland[4]
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtDL14
Dialling code01388
FireCounty Durham and Darlington
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
County Durham
54.663°N 1.676°W / 54.663; -1.676

Much of the town's early history surrounds the Bishops of Durham and the establishment of Auckland Castle's predecessor, a hunting lodge, which became the main residence of Durham Bishops. This is reflected in the first part of the town's name.[5][6][7][8] During the Industrial Revolution, the town grew rapidly as coal mining became its largest industry.[9] Decline in the coal mining industry during the late twentieth century has changed the town's largest sector to manufacturing.[10][11]

Since 1 April 2009, the town's local authority has been Durham County Council. The unitary authority replaced the previous Wear Valley District and Durham County councils.[12] The parliamentary constituency of Bishop Auckland is named after the town. It is currently held by Dehenna Davison of the Conservative Party. The town is twinned with the French town of Ivry-sur-Seine.[13]