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Bob Gardiner, circa 1978
James Robbins Gardiner
March 19, 1951
|Died||April 21, 2005 (aged 54)|
James Robbins "Bob" Gardiner (March 19, 1951 – April 21, 2005) was a multi-talented artist, painter, cartoonist, animator, holographer, musician, storyteller and comedy writer, who invented the stop-motion 3-D clay animation technique that Will Vinton would later market as Claymation although Bob preferred the term Sculptimation for his frame-by-frame method of sculpting plasticine clay characters and sets. Gardiner and Vinton won the Oscar for Best Animated Short in 1975 for Closed Mondays (1974).
- Closed Mondays (1974), writer, art direction and sculptimation
- Mountain Music (1975), art direction and sculptimation (uncredited) 
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