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Coordinates: 52°4′35″N 20°9′47″E / 52.07639°N 20.16306°E / 52.07639; 20.16306
Country Poland
CountySkierniewice County

Bolimów [bɔˈlimuf] is a village in Skierniewice County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland. It is the seat of the Gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Bolimów. It lies approximately 14 kilometres (9 mi) north of Skierniewice and 58 km (36 mi) north-east of the regional capital Łódź.[1] The village has a population of 930. It gives its name to the protected area known as Bolimów Landscape Park.

Its history dates back to at least the 15th century, when it was considered a town, but it lost its city rights around 1870.

It was the place where gas weapons were used for the first time, during First World War, when on 31 January 1915, during the Battle of Bolimov, the German Army shelled Russian army positions with xylyl bromide, a tear gas; the attack was relatively unsuccessful due to low temperature which prevented the gas from vaporising and spreading.[2][3][4] A much larger attack with poison gas occurred in the nearby area on 31 May 1915, and Russian army suffered much higher casualties (over several thousand dead).[5]


  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ Nick Cornish, The Russian Army 1914-18, Osprey Publishing, 2001, ISBN 1-84176-303-9, Google Print, p.6
  3. ^ "The First World War" (a Channel 4 documentary based on the book by Hew Strachan)
  4. ^ Duffy, Michael (2005-12-22). "The Battle of Bolimov, 1915". First World Retrieved 2006-08-15.
  5. ^ Ludendorff, Erich (1919). Ludendorff's own story. I. New York: Harper & Brother. p. 167.

Coordinates: 52°4′35″N 20°9′47″E / 52.07639°N 20.16306°E / 52.07639; 20.16306

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