The Bugis people, also known as Buginese, are an ethnicity—the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi (the others being Makassar and Toraja), in the south-western province of Sulawesi, third-largest island of Indonesia. The Bugis in 1605 converted to Islam from Animism.[4] The main religion embraced by the Bugis is Islam, with a small minority adhering to Christianity or a pre-Islamic indigenous belief called Tolotang.[5]

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Bugis
To Ugi
ᨈᨚ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ
A couple donned in the neo-traditional costume, walking underneath a Lellu' (traditional folding canopy) during their wedding ceremony
Total population
6 million (2010 census)
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia6,359,700[1]
            South Sulawesi3,618,683
            East Kalimantan735,819
            Southeast Sulawesi496,432
            Central Sulawesi409,741
            West Sulawesi144,554
            West Kalimantan137,282
            Riau107,159
            South Kalimantan101,727
            Jambi96,145
            Papua88,991
            Jakarta68,227
            West Papua40,087
 Malaysia500,000[2]
 Singapore11,000[3]
Languages
Predominantly
Bugis  Indonesian  Makassar Malay
Also
Massenrempulu  Malay
Religion
Predominantly
Islam
Related ethnic groups
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Despite the population numbering only around six million, the Bugis are influential in the politics in modern Indonesia, and historically influential on the Malay peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands and other parts of the archipelago where they have migrated, starting in the late seventeenth century. The third president of Indonesia, B. J. Habibie,[6] and a former vice president of Indonesia, Jusuf Kalla, are Bugis. In Malaysia, the former prime minister Muhyiddin Yassin has Bugis ancestry.[7]

The Bugis people speak a distinct regional language in addition to Indonesian, called Bugis (Basa Ugi), with several different dialects. The Bugis language belongs to the South Sulawesi language group; other members include Makassarese, Toraja, Mandar[8] and Massenrempulu. The name Bugis is an exonym which represents an older form of the name; (To) Ugi is the endonym.[9]

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