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Cambridge

City in Cambridgeshire, England / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Cambridge (/ˈkmbrɪ/[2] KAYM-brij) is a university city and the county town in Cambridgeshire, England. It is located on the River Cam approximately 55 miles (89 km) north of London. As of the 2021 United Kingdom census, the population of Cambridge was 145,700.[3][lower-alpha 1] Cambridge became an important trading centre during the Roman and Viking ages, and there is archaeological evidence of settlement in the area as early as the Bronze Age. The first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although modern city status was not officially conferred until 1951.

Quick facts: Cambridge, Sovereign state, Country, Region, ...
Cambridge
Cambridge shown within Cambridgeshire
Location within England
Location within the United Kingdom
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 52°12′19″N 0°07′09″E
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionEast of England
Ceremonial countyCambridgeshire
Admin HQCambridge Guildhall
Founded1st century
City status1951
Government
  TypeNon-metropolitan district, city
  Governing bodyCambridge City Council
  MayorMark Ashton (L)
  LeaderAnna Smith (L)
  MPs:Daniel Zeichner (L)
Anthony Browne (C)
Area
  Total15.71 sq mi (40.7 km2)
Elevation
20 ft (6 m)
Population
 (2021 -)
  Total145,674 (ranked 149th)
  Ethnicity (2011)[1]
66% White British
1.4% White Irish
15% White Other
1.7% Black British
3.2% Mixed Race
11% British Asian & Chinese
1.6% other
DemonymCantabrigian
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode
Area code01223
ONS code12UB (ONS)
E07000008 (GSS)
OS grid referenceTL450588
Websitewww.cambridge.gov.uk
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The city is most famous as the home of the University of Cambridge, which was founded in 1209 and consistently ranks among the best universities in the world.[4][5] The buildings of the university include King's College Chapel, Cavendish Laboratory, and the Cambridge University Library, one of the largest legal deposit libraries in the world. The city's skyline is dominated by several college buildings, along with the spire of the Our Lady and the English Martyrs Church, and the chimney of Addenbrooke's Hospital. Anglia Ruskin University, which evolved from the Cambridge School of Art and the Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology, also has its main campus in the city.

Cambridge is at the heart of the high-technology Silicon Fen, which contains industries such as software and bioscience and many start-up companies born out of the university. Over 40 per cent of the workforce have a higher education qualification, more than twice the national average. The Cambridge Biomedical Campus, one of the largest biomedical research clusters in the world includes the headquarters of AstraZeneca, a hotel, and the relocated Royal Papworth Hospital.[6]

The first game of association football took place at Parker's Piece. The Strawberry Fair music and arts festival and Midsummer Fair are held on Midsummer Common, and the annual Cambridge Beer Festival takes place on Jesus Green. The city is adjacent to the M11 and A14 roads. Cambridge station is less than an hour from London King's Cross railway station.