cover image

Cape Canaveral Space Force Station

Military rocket launch site in Florida / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Cape Canaveral Air Force Station?

Summarize this article for a 10 year old


Cape Canaveral Space Force Station (CCSFS) is an installation of the United States Space Force's Space Launch Delta 45, located on Cape Canaveral in Brevard County, Florida.

Quick facts: Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, Coordinat...
Cape Canaveral Space Force Station
Part of Patrick Space Force Base
Near Cocoa Beach, Florida in the United States
Cape Canaveral SFS is located in the United States
Cape Canaveral SFS
Cape Canaveral SFS
Location in the United States
Coordinates28°29′20″N 80°34′40″W
TypeU.S. Space Force Station
Area1,325 acres (5 km2)[1]
Site information
OwnerDepartment of Defense
OperatorUnited States Space Force
Controlled bySpace Launch Delta 45
Site history
Built1949 (1949) (as the Joint Long Range Proving Ground)
In use1949 – present
Garrison information
GarrisonSpace Launch Delta 45
Airfield information
Elevation3 metres (10 ft) AMSL
Direction Length and surface
13/31 3,048 metres (10,000 ft) 
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[2]
Cape Canaveral Space Force Station
LocationCape Canaveral, Florida, United States
VisitationNot open to the public
NRHP reference No.84003872[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPApril 16, 1984
Designated NHLDApril 16, 1984[4]

Headquartered at the nearby Patrick Space Force Base, the station is the primary launch site for the Space Force's Eastern Range[5] with three launch pads currently active (Space Launch Complexes 37B, 40, and 41). The facility is south-southeast of NASA's Kennedy Space Center on adjacent Merritt Island, with the two linked by bridges and causeways. The Cape Canaveral Space Force Station Skid Strip provides a 10,000-foot (3,000 m) runway[6] close to the launch complexes for military airlift aircraft delivering heavy and outsized payloads to the Cape.

A number of American space exploration pioneers were launched from CCSFS, including the first U.S. Earth satellite (1958), first U.S. astronaut (1961), first U.S. astronaut in orbit (1962), first two-man U.S. spacecraft (1965), first U.S. uncrewed lunar landing (1966), and first three-man U.S. spacecraft (1968). It was also the launch site for all of the first spacecraft to (separately) fly past each of the planets in the Solar System (1962–1977), the first spacecraft to orbit Mars (1971) and roam its surface (1996), the first American spacecraft to orbit and land on Venus (1978), the first spacecraft to orbit Saturn (2004), and to orbit Mercury (2011), and the first spacecraft to leave the Solar System (1977). Portions of the base have been designated a National Historic Landmark for their association with the early years of the American space program.[7]

Cape Canaveral was known as Cape Canaveral Launch Area upon its foundation in 1949, but renamed to LRPG Launching Area in 1950. It was known as Cape Canaveral Auxiliary Air Force Base from 1951 to 1955, and Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex from 1955 to 1964. The facility was later known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station from 1964 to 1974, and as Cape Canaveral Air Force Station from 1974 to 1994 and from 2000 to 2020, taking the designation Cape Canaveral Air Station from 1994 to 2000.[8][9][10] The facility was renamed "Cape Canaveral Space Force Station" in December 2020.[11][12]

Oops something went wrong: