Celts in Western Romania

Geographical aspect of Celts / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The appearance of Celts in Western Romania can be traced to the later La Tène period (c. 4th century BC).[1] Excavation of the great La Tène necropolis at Apahida, Cluj County, by S. Kovacs at the turn of the 20th century revealed the first evidence of Celtic culture in Romania. The 3rd2nd century BC site is remarkable for its cremation burials and chiefly wheel-made funeral vessels.[2]

Overview of the Hallstatt and La Tène cultures.
  Core Hallstatt territory (HaC, 800 BC).
  Eventual area of Hallstatt influence (by 500 BC, HaD).
  Core territory of the La Tène culture (450 BC).
  Eventual area of La Tène influence (by 250 BC).
The territories of some major Celtic tribes of the late La Tène period are labeled.

A historical timeline of the Celts in Western Romania (mostly the region of Transylvania) can be derived from archaeological finds at La Tène, but there are almost no ancient records that allow reconstruction of political events in the area. The Celts exercised politico-military rule over Western Romania between the 4th and 2nd century BC and brought with them a more advanced iron-working technology. They were also responsible for the spread of the potter's wheel into a much wider area than the one they occupied.[3]

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