Charles Baudelaire

French poet and critic (1821–1867) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Charles Pierre Baudelaire (UK: /ˈbdəlɛər/, US: /ˌbd(ə)ˈlɛər/;[1] French: [ʃaʁl(ə) bodlɛʁ] i; 9 April 1821 – 31 August 1867) was a French poet who also worked as an essayist, art critic and translator. His poems are described as exhibiting mastery of rhyme and rhythm, containing an exoticism inherited from Romantics, and are based on observations of real life.[2]

Quick facts: Charles Baudelaire, Born, Died, Occupation, E...
Charles Baudelaire
Charles Baudelaire by Étienne Carjat, 1863
Charles Baudelaire by Étienne Carjat, 1863
BornCharles Pierre Baudelaire
9 April 1821
Paris, France
Died31 August 1867(1867-08-31) (aged 46)
Paris, France
OccupationPoet, art critic, philosopher
EducationLycée Louis-le-Grand
Literary movementDecadent

His most famous work, a book of lyric poetry titled Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil), expresses the changing beauty of nature in the rapidly industrializing Paris caused by Haussmann's renovation of Paris during the mid-19th century. Baudelaire's original style of prose-poetry influenced a generation of poets including Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé. He coined the term modernity (modernité) to designate the fleeting experience of life in an urban metropolis, and the responsibility of artistic expression to capture that experience.[3] Marshall Berman has credited Baudelaire as being the first Modernist.[4]