Linux-based operating system developed by Google / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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ChromeOS,[8] sometimes stylized as chromeOS and formerly styled as Chrome OS, is a Linux-based operating system designed by Google. It is derived from the open-source ChromiumOS and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface.

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Logo as of March 2022
ChromeOS 87 Desktop
Written inC, C++, assembly, JavaScript, HTML5, Python, Rust
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)[1]
Working statePreinstalled on Chromebooks, Chromeboxes, Chromebits, Chromebases
Source modelClosed-source with open-source components
Initial releaseJune 15, 2011; 11 years ago (2011-06-15)
Latest release109.0.5414.125 (January 27, 2023; 4 days ago (2023-01-27)[2]) [±]
Latest preview

110.0.5464.46 (January 24, 2023; 7 days ago (2023-01-24)[3]) [±]

111.0.5550.0 (January 25, 2023; 6 days ago (2023-01-25)[4]) [±]
Update methodRolling release
Package managerPortage[lower-alpha 1]
PlatformsARM32, ARM64, IA-32, x86-64
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux kernel)[6]
UserlandAura Shell (Ash), Ozone (display manager); X11 apps can be enabled in recent ChromeOS
user interface
Google Chrome

Google announced the project in July 2009, initially describing it as an operating system where applications and user data would reside in the cloud. ChromeOS was used primarily to run web applications.[9]

All ChromiumOS and ChromeOS versions support progressive web applications (such as Google Docs or Microsoft Office 365), as well as web browser extensions (which can resemble native applications). ChromeOS (but not ChromiumOS) from 2016 onwards can also run Android applications from the Play Store.[10] Since 2018, ChromiumOS/ChromeOS version 69 onwards also support Linux applications, which are executed in a lightweight virtual machine[11] with a Debian Linux environment.[12][13]

The operating system is now usually evaluated in conjunction with the hardware that runs it.