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City of Music (UNESCO)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

UNESCO's City of Music programme is part of the wider Creative Cities Network.

The Network launched in 2004, and has member cities in seven creative fields. The other fields are: Crafts and Folk Art, Design, Film, Gastronomy, Literature, and Media Arts.[1]

Criteria for Cities of Music

Korenlei and Graslei, Ghent, Belgium

To be approved as a City of Music, cities need to meet a number of criteria set by UNESCO.[2]

Designated UNESCO Cities of Music share similar characteristics:

  • recognised centres of musical creation and activity
  • experience in hosting music festivals and events at a national or international level
  • promotion of the music industry in all its forms
  • music schools, conservatories, academies, and higher education institutions specialised in music
  • informal structures for music education, including amateur choirs and orchestras
  • domestic or international platforms dedicated to particular genres of music and/or music from other countries
  • cultural spaces suited for practicing and listening to music, e.g. open-air auditoriums.

About the cities

In March 2006, Seville was designated as the first City of Music. Bologna was named approximately two months later.[3]

Seville has a "legendary Flamenco scene," and UNESCO lists Flamenco as an "intangible cultural heritage."[4]

Hamamatsu, Japan, is the founding city of musical instrument companies Yamaha, Kawai, and Roland.[5]

Liverpool—"the city that spawned The Beatles," earned its designation due to music's "place in the heart of the city's life." UNESCO also noted a "clearly defined" music, education, and skills strategy for young people.[6]

Idanha-a-Nova "lives by the rhythm of music;" Ghent is a "city full of culture," in Belgium; and Auckland is the "beating heart of New Zealand's music industry."[7][8][9]

Varanasi, India, is "sacred, soulful, spectacular," and Daegu is a "pleasant and progressive place."[10][11][12]

Cities of Music

The Cavern Club, Liverpool, England

As of 2019, forty-seven Cities of Music have been designated by UNESCO.

Nineteen of the participating cities are European, ten are Asian and Middle Eastern. South America and North America each have six; Africa has four; and two have been designated in Oceania.

Seven countries have two member cities. Portugal and Colombia are the only countries to have three member cities

The Cities of Music are:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Cities Join the UNESCO Creative Cities Network".
  2. ^ "The Creative Cities Network" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  3. ^ "UNESCO's Cities of Music".
  4. ^ "Seville's Legendary Flamenco Scene".
  5. ^ "Hamamatsu".
  6. ^ "Liverpool receives 'City of Music' honour from UNESCO".
  7. ^ "Idanha-a-Nova".
  8. ^ "Ghent".
  9. ^ "Auckland".
  10. ^ "Varanasi".
  11. ^ "Daegu".
  12. ^ "Seville".
  13. ^ "Adelaide".
  14. ^ "Almaty".
  15. ^ "Amarante".
  16. ^ "Ambon".
  17. ^ "Auckland".
  18. ^ "Bogotá".
  19. ^ "Bologna".
  20. ^ "Brazzaville".
  21. ^ "Brno".
  22. ^ "Chennai".
  23. ^ "Daegu".
  24. ^ "Essaouira".
  25. ^ "Frutillar".
  26. ^ "Ghent".
  27. ^ "Glasgow".
  28. ^ "Hamamatsu".
  29. ^ "Hanover".
  30. ^ "Havana".
  31. ^ "Idanha-a-Nova".
  32. ^ "Kansas City".
  33. ^ "Katowice".
  34. ^ "Kazan".
  35. ^ "Kingston".
  36. ^ "Kinshasa".
  37. ^ "Kırşehir".
  38. ^ "Leiria".
  39. ^ "Lliria".
  40. ^ "Liverpool".
  41. ^ "Mannheim".
  42. ^ "Medellín".
  43. ^ "Metz".
  44. ^ "Morelia".
  45. ^ "Norrköping".
  46. ^ "Pesaro".
  47. ^ "Port of Spain".
  48. ^ "Praia".
  49. ^ "Ramallah".
  50. ^ "Salvador".
  51. ^ "Sanandaj".
  52. ^ "Santo Domingo".
  53. ^ "Seville".
  54. ^ "Tongyeong".
  55. ^ "Valledupar".
  56. ^ "Valparaíso".
  57. ^ "Varanasi".
  58. ^ "Veszprém".
  59. ^ "Vranje".
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