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City of South Melbourne

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City of South Melbourne
Location in Melbourne
Coordinates37°59′06″S 144°57′36″E / 37.98500°S 144.96000°E / -37.98500; 144.96000Coordinates: 37°59′06″S 144°57′36″E / 37.98500°S 144.96000°E / -37.98500; 144.96000
Population17,600 (1992)[1]
 • Density1,975/km2 (5,116/sq mi)
Area8.91 km2 (3.4 sq mi)
Council seatSouth Melbourne
LGAs around City of South Melbourne:
Melbourne Melbourne Melbourne
Port Melbourne City of South Melbourne Prahran
Port Phillip Port Phillip St Kilda
South Melbourne Town Hall
South Melbourne Town Hall

The City of South Melbourne was a local government area about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia, on the south bank of the Yarra River. The city covered an area of 8.91 square kilometres (3.44 sq mi), and existed from 1855 until 1994.

The council area was bounded by the Yarra River to the north, Fraser and Lorne Streets to the south, the Port Phillip foreshore and Pickles Street to the west, and St Kilda Road to the east.[2]


South Melbourne was first incorporated as the Emerald Hill Borough on 26 May 1855, and became a town on 1 March 1872. It was proclaimed a city, and was renamed South Melbourne, on 21 September 1883.[2]

On 18 November 1993, a small portion, around Southbank and the Victorian Arts Centre, was added to the City of Melbourne.[3]

On 22 June 1994, the City of South Melbourne was abolished, and, along with the Cities of Port Melbourne and St Kilda, was merged into the newly created City of Port Phillip.[4]

The Council met at the South Melbourne Town Hall on Bank Street, between Fishley and Layfield Streets, South Melbourne. The hall still exists and is now used by the Australian National Academy of Music.


The City of South Melbourne was divided into four wards, each electing three councillors:

  • Canterbury Ward
  • Fawkner Ward
  • Hobson Ward
  • Queens Ward



Year Population
1861 8,822
1881 25,374
1891 41,724
1921 46,873
1954 37,955
1958 35,300*
1961 32,528
1966 30,174
1971 26,995
1976 21,334
1981 19,955
1986 18,499
1991 17,712

* Estimate in the 1958 Victorian Year Book.


  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Victoria Office (1994). Victorian Year Book. p. 49. ISSN 0067-1223.
  2. ^ a b Victorian Municipal Directory. Brunswick: Arnall & Jackson. 1992. pp. 483–484. Accessed at State Library of Victoria, La Trobe Reading Room.
  3. ^ Monash University (1999). "Australian Places - South Melbourne". Archived from the original on 2 April 2003. Retrieved 4 January 2008.
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (1 August 1995). Victorian local government amalgamations 1994-1995: Changes to the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. p. 11. ISBN 0-642-23117-6. Retrieved 16 December 2007.
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City of South Melbourne
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