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Clady, County Tyrone

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Clady, County Tyrone. Road leading to Strabane.
Clady, County Tyrone. Road leading to Strabane.

Clady (from Irish: Claidigh, meaning "muddy margin of a stream or river"[1]) is a small village and townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It lies about 4 miles from Strabane on the River Finn and borders with the Republic of Ireland. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 423 people. It is within Urney civil parish and the former barony of Strabane Lower. In local government it is part of the Derry City and Strabane District Council. The townland covers an area of 173 acres.[2]

History

The village is among one of the oldest in the district. It was formerly called Claudy.[3] Next to the village is an important passage over the River Finn, one of the "passes", which controlled the access to Londonderry from the south and east in the times when the ferry at Londonderry was the only means to cross the River Foyle. Originally, the passage at Clady was provided by a ford, known as the Cladyford. Soon a bridge was built, which existed already in the 17th century. According to Lewis in 1840, a "handsome bridge of seven arches" spanned the river near the village.[4]

This passage over the Finn was contested during the Williamite War on 15 April 1689 when Jacobite cavalry under Richard Hamilton and the Duke of Berwick forced the passage.[5] Some days later James II crossed the Finn at this place, proceeded to Londonderry and summoned the city to surrender. With these events started the Siege of Derry.

Clady was also an important ecclesiastical centre, being the location of the first Roman Catholic seminary to be established in the Diocese of Derry.

In February 1922, during the Irish War of Independence, an Ulster Special Constabulary platoon attempting to enter Clady were forced to withdraw two nights in a row after coming under fire from the Irish Republican Army. One USC officer was killed in the clashes.[6]

The Troubles

For more information see The Troubles in Clady (Tyrone), which includes a list of incidents in Clady during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities.

Demography

19th century population

The population of the village decreased during the 19th century:[7][8]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 219 155 170 119 121 109
Houses 44 35 33 33 28 31

The population of the townland increased overall during the 19th century:[9][10]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 50 12 61 49 38 62
Houses 10 2 13 9 12 13

In 1891, the town of Clady, which stands in the townlands of Clady and Donnygowen, had an estimated area of 10 acres.[11]

2011 Census

On Census day (27 March 2011) there were 538 people living in Clady.

  • 2.2% belong to or were brought up in a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' religion and 97.6% belong to or were brought up in the Catholic religion;

Sport

See also

References

  1. ^ "Clady". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  3. ^ Lewis 1840, p. 338, line 31: "CLAUDY, a village in the parish of URNEY, barony of Strabane, county of TYRONE, and province of ULSTER, three miles (S.S.W.) of Strabane;"
  4. ^ Lewis 1840, p. 338, line 38: "Close to the village is a handsome bridge of seven arches over the Finn, connecting Claudy with the county of Donegal."
  5. ^ FitzJames 1778, p. 47: "De là nous marchâmes, le 15 Avril, au pont de Clady, sur la rivière de Strabane, dont les Rebelles, au nombre de dix mille, vouloient défendre le passage"
  6. ^ Lawlor, Pearse. The Outrages: The IRA and the Ulster Special Constabulary in the Border Campaign. Mercier Press, 2011. pp.202-203
  7. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 18 March 2013.

Coordinates: 54°47′39″N 7°32′24″W / 54.79417°N 7.54000°W / 54.79417; -7.54000

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Clady, County Tyrone
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