Study of the culture of (mainly) Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Classics or classical studies is the study of classical antiquity. In the Western world, classics traditionally refers to the study of Classical Greek and Roman literature and their related original languages, Ancient Greek and Latin. Classics also includes Greco-Roman philosophy, history, archaeology, anthropology, art, mythology and society as secondary subjects.

Homer, the legendary Greek author of the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Cicero, the Roman statesman considered the master of Latin prose.
Aristotle, the Greek philosopher and polymath who shaped Western science for centuries.
Virgil, usually considered the greatest Roman poet.

In Western civilization, the study of the Greek and Roman classics was traditionally considered to be the foundation of the humanities, and has, therefore, traditionally been the cornerstone of a typical elite European education.