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Climate change vulnerability

Assessment of relative vulnerability to climate change and its effects / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Climate change vulnerability (or climate vulnerability or climate risk vulnerability) is defined as the "propensity or predisposition to be adversely affected" by climate change. It can apply to humans but also to natural systems (ecosystems). Human and ecosystem vulnerability are interdependent.[1]:12 Climate change vulnerability encompasses "a variety of concepts and elements, including sensitivity or susceptibility to harm and lack of capacity to cope and adapt".[1]:5 Vulnerability is a component of climate risk. Vulnerability differs within communities and across societies, regions and countries, and can change over time.[1]:5 Approximately 3.3 to 3.6 billion people live in contexts that are highly vulnerable to climate change in 2021.[1]:12

World gross national income per capita: Lower income countries tend to have a higher vulnerability to climate change.

Vulnerability of ecosystems and people to climate change is driven by certain unsustainable development patterns such as "unsustainable ocean and land use, inequity, marginalization, historical and ongoing patterns of inequity such as colonialism, and governance".[1]:12 Therefore, vulnerability is higher in locations with "poverty, governance challenges and limited access to basic services and resources, violent conflict and high levels of climate-sensitive livelihoods (e.g., smallholder farmers, pastoralists, fishing communities)".[1]:12

Vulnerability can mainly be broken down into two major categories, economic vulnerability, based on socioeconomic factors, and geographic vulnerability. Neither are mutually exclusive.

There are several organizations and tools used by the international community and scientists to assess climate vulnerability.