Clive Sinclair

English entrepreneur and inventor (1940–2021) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Sir Clive Marles Sinclair (30 July 1940 – 16 September 2021) was an English entrepreneur and inventor, best known for being a pioneer in the computing industry, and also as the founder of several companies that developed consumer electronics in the 1970s and early 1980s.

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Clive Sinclair
Sinclair in Bristol, 1992
Clive Marles Sinclair

(1940-07-30)30 July 1940
Ealing, England
Died16 September 2021(2021-09-16) (aged 81)
London, England
  • Entrepreneur
  • inventor
Years active1961−2010
Known for
    Ann Trevor-Briscoe
    (m. 1962; div. 1985)
      Angie Bowness
      (m. 2010; div. 2017)
      AwardsKnight Bachelor (1983)

      After spending several years as assistant editor of Instrument Practice, Sinclair founded Sinclair Radionics Ltd in 1961. He produced the world's first slimline electronic pocket calculator (the Sinclair Executive) in 1972. Sinclair then moved into the production of home computers in 1980 with Sinclair Research Ltd, producing the Sinclair ZX80 (the UK's first mass-market home computer for less than £100), and in the early 1980s, the ZX81, ZX Spectrum and the Sinclair QL.[1] Sinclair Research is widely recognised for its importance in the early days of the British and European home computer industry, as well as helping to give rise to the British video game industry.[2][3]

      Sinclair also had several commercial failures, including the Sinclair Radionics Black Watch wristwatch, the Sinclair Vehicles C5 battery electric vehicle, and the Sinclair Research TV80 flatscreen CRT handheld television set. The failure of the C5 along with a weakened computer market forced Sinclair to sell most of his companies by 1986. Through 2010, Sinclair concentrated on personal transport, including the A-bike, a folding bicycle for commuters which was small enough to fit in a handbag.[2] He also developed the Sinclair X-1, a revised version of the C5 electric vehicle, which never made it to the market.

      Sinclair was appointed Knight Bachelor in the 1983 Birthday Honours for his contributions to the personal computer industry in the UK.