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Closed city

Settlements requiring authorization to visit / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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A closed city or closed town is a settlement where travel or residency restrictions are applied so that specific authorization is required to visit or remain overnight. Such places may be sensitive military establishments or secret research installations that require much more space or internal freedom than is available in a conventional military base.[citation needed] There may also be a wider variety of permanent residents, including close family members of workers or trusted traders who are not directly connected with clandestine purposes.

Central entry checkpoint to the closed city of Seversk, Tomsk Oblast, Russia

Many closed cities existed in the Soviet Union from the mid-1940s until its dissolution in 1991.[1] After 1991, a number of them still existed in the CIS countries, especially in Russia. In modern Russia, such places are officially known as "closed administrative-territorial formations" (закрытые административно-территориальные образования, zakrytye administrativno-territorial'nye obrazovaniya, or ЗАТО ZATO for short).[2]