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Columbus is a consolidated city-county located on the west-central border of the U.S. state of Georgia. Columbus lies on the Chattahoochee River directly across from Phenix City, Alabama. It is the county seat of Muscogee County, with which it officially merged in 1970.[4] Columbus is the second-largest city in Georgia (after Atlanta), and fields the state's fourth-largest metropolitan area. At the 2020 census, Columbus had a population of 206,922,[5] with 328,883 in the Columbus metropolitan area.[2] The metro area joins the nearby Alabama cities of Auburn and Opelika to form the Columbus–Auburn–Opelika Combined Statistical Area, which had an estimated population of 486,645 in 2019.[6]

Quick facts: Columbus, Georgia, Country, State, County, Fo...
Columbus, Georgia
Columbus Consolidated Government
Downtown skyline on the banks of the Chattahoochee River
Nicknames: 
The Fountain City or The Lowell of the South
Motto: 
We Do Amazing
Location within Georgia
Columbus
Location within the state of Georgia
Columbus
Location within the USA
Coordinates: 32°29′32″N 84°56′25″W
Country United States
State Georgia
CountyMuscogee
Founded1828
Named forChristopher Columbus
Government
  MayorB. H. "Skip" Henderson III
  City ManagerIsaiah Hugley
Area
  Consolidated city-county221.01 sq mi (572.42 km2)
  Land216.50 sq mi (560.73 km2)
  Water4.51 sq mi (11.68 km2)
Elevation
243 ft (74 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Consolidated city-county206,922
  Rank112th in the United States
2nd in Georgia
  Density955.76/sq mi (369.02/km2)
  Metro328,883 (157th)
DemonymColumbusite
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
31820, 31829, 31900–09, 31914, 31917, 31993–94, 31997–99
Area code(s)706, 762
FIPS code13-19007
GNIS feature ID0331158[3]
AirportColumbus Airport (CSG)
WebsiteCity of Columbus
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Columbus lies 100 miles (160 km) southwest of Atlanta. Fort Benning, the United States Army's Maneuver Center of Excellence and a major employer, is located south of the city in southern Muscogee and Chattahoochee counties. Columbus is home to museums and tourism sites, including the National Infantry Museum, dedicated to the U.S. Army's Infantry Branch. It has the longest urban whitewater rafting course in the world constructed on the Chattahoochee River.

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