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Connecticut

U.S. state / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Connecticut (/kəˈnɛtɪkət/ (listen))[9] is the southernmost state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport. Historically the state is part of New England as well as the tri-state area with New York and New Jersey. The state is named for the Connecticut River which approximately bisects the state. The word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of "Quinnetuket”, a Mohegan-Pequot word for "long tidal river".[10]

Quick facts: Connecticut, Country, Before statehood, Admit...
Connecticut
State of Connecticut
Nicknames: 
  • The Constitution State (official)
  • The Nutmeg State
  • The Provisions State
  • The Land of Steady Habits
Mottoes: 
Anthem: "Yankee Doodle"
Map of the United States with Connecticut highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodConnecticut Colony
Admitted to the UnionJanuary 9, 1788 (5th)
CapitalHartford[2]
Largest cityBridgeport
Largest metro and urban areasNew York (combined)
Greater Hartford (metro and urban)
Government
  GovernorNed Lamont (D)
  Lieutenant GovernorSusan Bysiewicz (D)
LegislatureConnecticut General Assembly
  Upper houseConnecticut Senate
  Lower houseConnecticut House of Representatives
JudiciaryConnecticut Supreme Court
U.S. senatorsRichard Blumenthal (D)
Chris Murphy (D)
U.S. House delegation5 Democrats (list)
Area
  Total5,567 sq mi (14,357 km2)
  Land4,849 sq mi (12,559 km2)
  Water698 sq mi (1,809 km2)  12.6%
  Rank48th
Dimensions
  Length70 mi (113 km)
  Width110 mi (177 km)
Elevation
500 ft (150 m)
Highest elevation2,379 ft (725 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total3,605,944[4]
  Rank29th
  Density739/sq mi (285/km2)
   Rank4th
  Median household income
$79,900[5]
  Income rank
6th
Demonyms
(colloquial)
Language
  Official languageNone
Time zoneUTC– 05:00 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST)UTC– 04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
CT
ISO 3166 codeUS-CT
Traditional abbreviationConn.
Latitude40°58′ N to 42°03′ N
Longitude71°47′ W to 73°44′ W
Websiteportal.ct.gov
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Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutchmen who established a small, short-lived settlement called House of Hope in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers. Half of Connecticut was initially claimed by the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English. Thomas Hooker led a band of followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony; other settlers from Massachusetts founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal charter, making Connecticut a crown colony. Connecticut was one of the Thirteen Colonies which rejected British rule in the American Revolution. It was influential in the development of the federal government of the United States.

Connecticut is the third smallest state by area,[11] the 29th most populous,[12] and the fourth most densely populated[11] of the fifty states. It is known as the "Constitution State", the "Nutmeg State", the "Provisions State", and the "Land of Steady Habits".[1] The Connecticut River, Thames River, and ports along Long Island Sound have given Connecticut a strong maritime tradition which continues today. The state also has a long history of hosting the financial services industry, including insurance companies in Hartford County and hedge funds in Fairfield County. As of the 2010 census, it has the highest per-capita income, second-highest level of human development behind Massachusetts, and highest median household income in the United States.[13][14]