Mechanism for converting reciprocating motion to rotation / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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A crankshaft is a mechanical component used in a piston engine to convert the reciprocating motion into rotational motion. The crankshaft is a rotating shaft containing one or more crankpins,[1] that are driven by the pistons via the connecting rods.[2]

Crankshaft (red), pistons (gray), cylinders (blue) and flywheel (black)

The crankpins are also called rod bearing journals, and they rotate within the "big end" of the connecting rods.

Most modern crankshafts are located in the engine block. They are made from steel or cast iron, using either a forging, casting or machining process.