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Curcuma alismatifolia

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Siam tulip
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Curcuma
Species:
C. alismatifolia
Binomial name
Curcuma alismatifolia
Synonyms[1]

Hitcheniopsis alismatifolia (Gagnep.) Loes. in H.G.A.Engler

A field of wild Siam tulips in Pa Hin Ngam National Park, Thailand
A field of wild Siam tulips in Pa Hin Ngam National Park, Thailand

Curcuma alismatifolia, Siam tulip or summer tulip (Thai: ปทุมมา, RTGSpathumma; กระเจียวบัว, RTGSkrachiao bua; ขมิ้นโคก, RTGSkhamin khok) is a tropical plant native to Laos, northern Thailand, and Cambodia.[1][2] Despite its name, it is not related to the tulip, but to the various ginger species such as turmeric. It can grow as an indoor plant, and is also sold as a cut flower.

One of the most famous wild fields of Siam tulips is in Pa Hin Ngam National Park in Chaiyaphum Province, Thailand.

Malvidin 3-rutinoside is a pigment responsible for bract color in C. alismatifolia.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Sirirugsa, P., Larsen, K. & Maknoi, C. (2007). The genus Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae): distribution and classification with reference to species diversity in Thailand. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 59: 203-220.
  3. ^ Nakayama, M; Roh, MS; Uchida, K; Yamaguchi, Y; Takano, K; Koshioka, M (2000). "Malvidin 3-rutinoside as the pigment responsible for bract color in Curcuma alismatifolia". Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry. 64 (5): 1093–5. doi:10.1271/bbb.64.1093. PMID 10879491.


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Curcuma alismatifolia
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